Auxin-induced Fruit Set in Capsicum annuum L. Requires Downstream Gibberellin Biosynthesis

A. Tiwari, R. Offringa, E. Heuvelink

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22 Citations (Scopus)


A hierarchical scheme for the central role of the plant hormones auxin and gibberellins in fruit set and development has been established for the model plants Arabidopsis and tomato. In the fruit crop Capsicum annuum, the importance of auxin as an early signal in fruit set has also been recognized; however, the effect of gibberellins and their interaction with auxin has not yet been studied. The aim of this study was to determine the role of gibberellin and the hierarchy between auxin and gibberellin. We applied gibberellin alone or in combination with auxin or with the gibberellin biosynthesis inhibitor paclobutrazol on stigmas of emasculated flowers. Gibberellin application enhanced fruit set, whereas application of paclobutrazol reduced fruit set. The effect of paclobutrazol treatment could be counteracted by coapplication of gibberellin but not by auxin. These results indicate that in C. annuum, like in Arabidopsis and tomato, auxin is the major inducer of fruit set that acts in part by inducing gibberellin biosynthesis. Interestingly, gibberellin does not significantly contribute to the final fruit size but seems to play an important role in preventing flower and fruit abscission, a major determinant of production loss in C. annuum. At the same time, gibberellin together with auxin seems to balance cell division and cell expansion during fruit growth.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)570-578
JournalJournal of Plant Growth Regulation
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • plant-growth regulators
  • pisum-sativum
  • sweet-pepper
  • lycopersicon-esculentum
  • unpollinated ovaries
  • tomato fruits
  • pod wall
  • parthenocarpy
  • arabidopsis
  • metabolism


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