Authentication of geographical origin of palm oil by chromatographic fingerprinting of triacylglycerols an partial least square-discriminant analysis

C. Ruiz-Samblas, C. Arrebola-Pascual, A. Tres, S.M. van Ruth, L. Cuadros-Rodriquez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Main goals of the present work were to develop authentication models based on liquid and gas chromatographic fingerprinting of triacylglycerols (TAGs) from palm oil of different geographical origins in order to compare them. For this purpose, a set of palm oil samples were collected from different continents: South eastern Asia, Africa and South America. For the analysis of the information in these fingerprint profiles, a pattern recognition technique such as partial least square discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) was applied to discriminate the geographical origin of these oils, at continent level. The liquid chromatography, coupled to a charged aerosol detector, (HPLC–CAD) TAGs separation was optimized in terms of mobile phase composition and by means of a solid silica core column. The gas chromatographic method with a mass spectrometer was applied under high temperature (HTGC–MS) in order to analyze the intact TAGs. Satisfactory chromatographic resolution within a short total analysis time was achieved with both chromatographic approaches and without any prior sample treatment. The rates of successful in prediction of the geographical origin of the 85 samples varied between 70% and 100%.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)788-793
JournalTalanta
Volume116
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • charged aerosol detection
  • gas-chromatography
  • vegetable-oils
  • universal response
  • fatty-acids
  • olive oil
  • chemometrics
  • detector
  • markers

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