Attempt to close the energy balance for the LITFASS-2003 experiment

T. Foken, M. Mauder, C. Liebethal, F. Wimmer, F. Beyrich, S. Raasch, H.A.R. Debruin, W.M.L. Meijninger, J. Bange

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For the LITFASS-2003 experiment conducted through May and June 2003 in a heterogeneous landscape around the Meteorological Observatory Lindenberg of the German Meteorological Service, different aspects relevant to close the energy balance at the surface based on radiation, soil and turbulent flux measurements were investigated. The careful correction of the eddy-covariance data (and the comparison of all instruments including net radiometers) can reduce the residual of the energy balance closure, but still a significant closure gap remains. The same result was found when carefully calculating the ground heat flux including all storage terms. The use of the ogive test to estimate the energy loss for long wavelengths showed an effect of up to 5 % on the residual. Finally, energy balance closure could not be achieved for the surface layer measurements in LITFASS-2003. Recent findings of large-eddy simulations (LES) have shown organised turbulence structures in the lower boundary layer. With the application of LES and the calculation of the horizontally averaged fluxes of sensible and latent heat closure of the energy balance was possible for one selected day, when the LES was available. This result was supported by large aperture scintillometer measurements as well as by averaging of the eddy-covariance measurements over longer time periods up to ten hours. It is therefore concluded, that the energy balance closure problem is a scale problem and structures of the atmospheric boundary layer, which develop over heterogeneous surfaces, must also be taken into account.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication17th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence, 22-25 May 2006, San Diego, California
Place of PublicationBoston
PublisherAmerican Meteorological Society
Pages1.11
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Event17th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence -
Duration: 22 May 200625 May 2006

Conference

Conference17th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence
Period22/05/0625/05/06

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energy balance
large eddy simulation
eddy covariance
experiment
boundary layer
flux measurement
radiometer
heat flux
surface layer
observatory
turbulence
wavelength
energy
soil

Cite this

Foken, T., Mauder, M., Liebethal, C., Wimmer, F., Beyrich, F., Raasch, S., ... Bange, J. (2006). Attempt to close the energy balance for the LITFASS-2003 experiment. In 17th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence, 22-25 May 2006, San Diego, California (pp. 1.11). Boston: American Meteorological Society.
Foken, T. ; Mauder, M. ; Liebethal, C. ; Wimmer, F. ; Beyrich, F. ; Raasch, S. ; Debruin, H.A.R. ; Meijninger, W.M.L. ; Bange, J. / Attempt to close the energy balance for the LITFASS-2003 experiment. 17th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence, 22-25 May 2006, San Diego, California. Boston : American Meteorological Society, 2006. pp. 1.11
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abstract = "For the LITFASS-2003 experiment conducted through May and June 2003 in a heterogeneous landscape around the Meteorological Observatory Lindenberg of the German Meteorological Service, different aspects relevant to close the energy balance at the surface based on radiation, soil and turbulent flux measurements were investigated. The careful correction of the eddy-covariance data (and the comparison of all instruments including net radiometers) can reduce the residual of the energy balance closure, but still a significant closure gap remains. The same result was found when carefully calculating the ground heat flux including all storage terms. The use of the ogive test to estimate the energy loss for long wavelengths showed an effect of up to 5 {\%} on the residual. Finally, energy balance closure could not be achieved for the surface layer measurements in LITFASS-2003. Recent findings of large-eddy simulations (LES) have shown organised turbulence structures in the lower boundary layer. With the application of LES and the calculation of the horizontally averaged fluxes of sensible and latent heat closure of the energy balance was possible for one selected day, when the LES was available. This result was supported by large aperture scintillometer measurements as well as by averaging of the eddy-covariance measurements over longer time periods up to ten hours. It is therefore concluded, that the energy balance closure problem is a scale problem and structures of the atmospheric boundary layer, which develop over heterogeneous surfaces, must also be taken into account.",
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Foken, T, Mauder, M, Liebethal, C, Wimmer, F, Beyrich, F, Raasch, S, Debruin, HAR, Meijninger, WML & Bange, J 2006, Attempt to close the energy balance for the LITFASS-2003 experiment. in 17th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence, 22-25 May 2006, San Diego, California. American Meteorological Society, Boston, pp. 1.11, 17th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence, 22/05/06.

Attempt to close the energy balance for the LITFASS-2003 experiment. / Foken, T.; Mauder, M.; Liebethal, C.; Wimmer, F.; Beyrich, F.; Raasch, S.; Debruin, H.A.R.; Meijninger, W.M.L.; Bange, J.

17th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence, 22-25 May 2006, San Diego, California. Boston : American Meteorological Society, 2006. p. 1.11.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperAcademicpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Attempt to close the energy balance for the LITFASS-2003 experiment

AU - Foken, T.

AU - Mauder, M.

AU - Liebethal, C.

AU - Wimmer, F.

AU - Beyrich, F.

AU - Raasch, S.

AU - Debruin, H.A.R.

AU - Meijninger, W.M.L.

AU - Bange, J.

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - For the LITFASS-2003 experiment conducted through May and June 2003 in a heterogeneous landscape around the Meteorological Observatory Lindenberg of the German Meteorological Service, different aspects relevant to close the energy balance at the surface based on radiation, soil and turbulent flux measurements were investigated. The careful correction of the eddy-covariance data (and the comparison of all instruments including net radiometers) can reduce the residual of the energy balance closure, but still a significant closure gap remains. The same result was found when carefully calculating the ground heat flux including all storage terms. The use of the ogive test to estimate the energy loss for long wavelengths showed an effect of up to 5 % on the residual. Finally, energy balance closure could not be achieved for the surface layer measurements in LITFASS-2003. Recent findings of large-eddy simulations (LES) have shown organised turbulence structures in the lower boundary layer. With the application of LES and the calculation of the horizontally averaged fluxes of sensible and latent heat closure of the energy balance was possible for one selected day, when the LES was available. This result was supported by large aperture scintillometer measurements as well as by averaging of the eddy-covariance measurements over longer time periods up to ten hours. It is therefore concluded, that the energy balance closure problem is a scale problem and structures of the atmospheric boundary layer, which develop over heterogeneous surfaces, must also be taken into account.

AB - For the LITFASS-2003 experiment conducted through May and June 2003 in a heterogeneous landscape around the Meteorological Observatory Lindenberg of the German Meteorological Service, different aspects relevant to close the energy balance at the surface based on radiation, soil and turbulent flux measurements were investigated. The careful correction of the eddy-covariance data (and the comparison of all instruments including net radiometers) can reduce the residual of the energy balance closure, but still a significant closure gap remains. The same result was found when carefully calculating the ground heat flux including all storage terms. The use of the ogive test to estimate the energy loss for long wavelengths showed an effect of up to 5 % on the residual. Finally, energy balance closure could not be achieved for the surface layer measurements in LITFASS-2003. Recent findings of large-eddy simulations (LES) have shown organised turbulence structures in the lower boundary layer. With the application of LES and the calculation of the horizontally averaged fluxes of sensible and latent heat closure of the energy balance was possible for one selected day, when the LES was available. This result was supported by large aperture scintillometer measurements as well as by averaging of the eddy-covariance measurements over longer time periods up to ten hours. It is therefore concluded, that the energy balance closure problem is a scale problem and structures of the atmospheric boundary layer, which develop over heterogeneous surfaces, must also be taken into account.

M3 - Conference paper

SP - 1.11

BT - 17th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence, 22-25 May 2006, San Diego, California

PB - American Meteorological Society

CY - Boston

ER -

Foken T, Mauder M, Liebethal C, Wimmer F, Beyrich F, Raasch S et al. Attempt to close the energy balance for the LITFASS-2003 experiment. In 17th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence, 22-25 May 2006, San Diego, California. Boston: American Meteorological Society. 2006. p. 1.11