In this contribution we deal with the representation of the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) for modeling studies of weather, climate, and air quality. As such we review the major characteristics of the ABL, and summarize the basic parameterizations for the description of atmospheric turbulence and the surface fluxes, where we emphasize the modeling and parameterization of turbulence in the atmospheric boundary layer over land without clouds. The modeling principles are illustrated with the outcome of single-column and mesoscale models for a variety of conditions using field data and fine-scale model results. For readers not familiar with atmospheric turbulence and meteorology, some background and basic definitions are also given.
|Title of host publication||Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences 2nd Edition|
|Editors||J. Pyle, F. Zhang|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|