ATLANTIC EPIPHYTES: a data set of vascular and non-vascular epiphyte plants and lichens from the Atlantic Forest

Flavio Nunes Ramos*, Sara Ribeiro Mortara, Nathalia Monalisa-Francisco, João Pedro Costa Elias, Luiz Menini Neto, Leandro Freitas, Rodrigo Kersten, André Márcio Amorim, Fernando Bittencourt Matos, André Felippe Nunes-Freitas, Suzana Alcantara, Marcia Helena Nagahama Alexandre, Renata Jimenez de Almeida-Scabbia, Odair José Garcia de Almeida, Fernanda Eliane Alves, Rogério Marcos de Oliveira Alves, Francine Seehaber Alvim, Antônio Carlos Silva de Andrade, Simone de Andrade, Lidyanne Yuriko Saleme AonaAndréa Cardoso Araujo, Kelianne Carolina Targino de Araújo, Vanessa Ariati, Julia Camara Assis, Cecília Oliveira de Azevedo, Bruno Ferreira Barbosa, Daniel Elias Ferreira Barbosa, Fernando dos Reis Barbosa, Fabio de Barros, Geicilaine Alves Basilio, Fernando Antonio Bataghin, Fernanda Bered, Juliana Santos Bianchi, Christopher Thomas Blum, Carlos Renato Boelter, Annete Bonnet, Pedro Henrique Santin Brancalion, Tiago Bӧer Breier, Caio de Toledo Brion, Cristiano Roberto Buzatto, Andressa Cabral, Tiago João Cadorin, Eder Caglioni, Luciana Canêz, Pedro Henrique Cardoso, Fábia Silva de Carvalho, Renan Gonçalves Carvalho, Eduardo Luis Martins Catharino, Sergio Javier Ceballos, Monise Terra Cerezini, Ricardo Gomes César, Cesar Cestari, Cleber Juliano Neves Chaves, Vanilde Citadini-Zanette, Luiz Francisco Mello Coelho, João Vicente Coffani-Nunes, Renato Colares, Gabriel Dalla Colletta, Nadjara de Medeiros Corrêa, Andrea Ferreira da Costa, Grênivel Mota da Costa, Laís Mara Santana Costa, Natália Gabriela Souza Costa, Dayvid Rodrigues Couto, Caroline Cristofolini, Ana Carolina Rodrigues da Cruz, Leopoldo Angelo Del Neri, Mercedes di Pasquo, Aline dos Santos Dias, Letícia do Carmo Dutra Dias, Ricardo Dislich, Marília Cristina Duarte, Juliano Ricardo Fabricante, Fernando H.A. Farache, Ana Paula Gelli de Faria, Claudenice Faxina, Mariana Terrola Martins Ferreira, Erich Fischer, Carlos Roberto Fonseca, Talita Fontoura, Talitha Mayumi Francisco, Samyra Gomes Furtado, Mauro Galetti, Mário Luís Garbin, André Luís de Gasper, Márcia Goetze, Janaína Gomes-da-Silva, Mateus Felipe Araujo Gonçalves, Diego Rafael Gonzaga, Ana Carolina Granero e Silva, André de Camargo Guaraldo, Ernestino de Souza Gomes Guarino, Aline Votri Guislon, Luigy Bitencourt Hudson, Jomar Gomes Jardim, Patricia Jungbluth, Selma dos Santos Kaeser, Igor Musauer Kessous, Natália Mossmann Koch, Yoshiko Saito Kuniyoshi, Paulo Henrique Labiak, Maria Esther Lapate, Ana Carolina Laurenti Santos, Roberta Luísa Barbosa Leal, Felipe Silveira Leite, Paula Leitman, Ana Paula Liboni, Dieter Liebsch, Débora Vanessa Lingner, Julio Antonio Lombardi, Eve Lucas, Jhonny dos Reis Luzzi, Patricia Mai, Luiz Felipe Mania, Waldir Mantovani, Angelica Guidoni Maragni, Marcia Cristina Mendes Marques, Gonzalo Marquez, Cristiane Martins, Laura do Nascimento Martins, Pedro Luiz Sanglard Silva Martins, Frederico Fregolente Faracco Mazziero, Camila de Aguiar Melo, Maria Margarida Fiuza de Melo, Alex Fernando Mendes, Letícia Mesacasa, Leonor Patricia Cerdeira Morellato, Vanessa de Souza Moreno, Adelcio Muller, Mariana Moreira da Silva Murakami, Edinete Cecconello, Camila Nardy, Michelle Helena Nervo, Beatriz Neves, Matheus Guimarães Cardoso Nogueira, Fabiana Regina Nonato, Ary Teixeira de Oliveira-Filho, César Pedro Lopes de Oliveira, Gerhard Ernst Overbeck, Gabriel Mendes Marcusso, Mateus Luís Barradas Paciencia, Patricia Padilha, Peterson Teodoro Padilha, Ana Clara Alves Pereira, Luciana Carvalho Pereira, Rodrigo Augusto Santinelo Pereira, Jimmy Pincheira-Ulbrich, José Salatiel Rodrigues Pires, Marco Aurélio Pizo, Kátia Cavalcanti Pôrto, Ludmila Rattis, Joice Rodrigues de Mendonça Reis, Simone Gonçalves dos Reis, Thereza Christina da Rocha-Pessôa, Carlos Frederico Duarte Rocha, Fernando Souza Rocha, Alba Regina Pereira Rodrigues, Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues, Juliana Marcia Rogalski, Roberta Luiza Rosanelli, Andrés Rossado, Davi Rodrigo Rossatto, Débora Cristina Rother, Carlos Ramon Ruiz-Miranda, Felipe Zamborlini Saiter, Mauricio Bonesso Sampaio, Lucas Deziderio Santana, Juliana Silveira dos Santos, Ricardo Sartorello, Marlies Sazima, Juliane Luzía Schmitt, Geniane Schneider, Bruna Grosch Schroeder, Lucia Sevegnani, Vasconcelos Oliveira Silva Júnior, Fernando Rodrigues da Silva, Maria Juliana da Silva, Mércia Patrícia Pereira Silva, Rafaela Guimarães Silva, Sandro Menezes Silva, Rodrigo Bustos Singer, Geovane Siqueira, Luis Eduardo Soares, Hildeberto Caldas de Sousa, Adriano Spielmann, Vinicius Rodrigues Tonetti, Maria Teresa Zugliani Toniato, Paulo Sérgio Bordoni Ulguim, Cássio van den Berg, Eduardo van den Berg, Isabela Galarda Varassin, Izabela Bitencourt Veloso da Silva, Alexander Christian Vibrans, Jorge Luiz Waechter, Erick Willy Weissenberg, Paulo Günter Windisch, Marina Wolowski, Agustina Yañez, Vania Nobuko Yoshikawa, Luciano Ramos Zandoná, Camila Martini Zanella, Elisabete Maria Zanin, Daniela Cristina Zappi, Valesca Bononi Zipparro, João Paulo Fernandes Zorzanelli, Milton Cezar Ribeiro

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Epiphytes are hyper-diverse and one of the frequently undervalued life forms in plant surveys and biodiversity inventories. Epiphytes of the Atlantic Forest, one of the most endangered ecosystems in the world, have high endemism and radiated recently in the Pliocene. We aimed to (1) compile an extensive Atlantic Forest data set on vascular, non-vascular plants (including hemiepiphytes), and lichen epiphyte species occurrence and abundance; (2) describe the epiphyte distribution in the Atlantic Forest, in order to indicate future sampling efforts. Our work presents the first epiphyte data set with information on abundance and occurrence of epiphyte phorophyte species. All data compiled here come from three main sources provided by the authors: published sources (comprising peer-reviewed articles, books, and theses), unpublished data, and herbarium data. We compiled a data set composed of 2,095 species, from 89,270 holo/hemiepiphyte records, in the Atlantic Forest of Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay, recorded from 1824 to early 2018. Most of the records were from qualitative data (occurrence only, 88%), well distributed throughout the Atlantic Forest. For quantitative records, the most common sampling method was individual trees (71%), followed by plot sampling (19%), and transect sampling (10%). Angiosperms (81%) were the most frequently registered group, and Bromeliaceae and Orchidaceae were the families with the greatest number of records (27,272 and 21,945, respectively). Ferns and Lycophytes presented fewer records than Angiosperms, and Polypodiaceae were the most recorded family, and more concentrated in the Southern and Southeastern regions. Data on non-vascular plants and lichens were scarce, with a few disjunct records concentrated in the Northeastern region of the Atlantic Forest. For all non-vascular plant records, Lejeuneaceae, a family of liverworts, was the most recorded family. We hope that our effort to organize scattered epiphyte data help advance the knowledge of epiphyte ecology, as well as our understanding of macroecological and biogeographical patterns in the Atlantic Forest. No copyright restrictions are associated with the data set. Please cite this Ecology Data Paper if the data are used in publication and teaching events.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere02541
JournalEcology
Volume100
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • abundance
  • Atlantic Forest
  • biodiversity data set
  • biodiversity hotspot
  • epiphyte
  • phorophyte
  • presence/absence
  • tropical forest

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