Differences in athletic identity and well-being were examined between athletes living in a Dutch elite sport center (CTO) and athletes not living in such a center (age range: 16–30). Measures included the Athletic Identity Measurement Scale (AIMS; Brewer & Cornelius, 20014. Brewer , B. W. and Cornelius , A. E. 2001 . Norms and factorial invariance of the Athletic Identity Measurement Scale . Academic Athletic Journal , 15 : 103 – 113 . View all references), the World Health Organization Quality of Life instrument (WHOQOL-BREF), and the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ; Raedeke & Smith, 200119. Raedeke , T. D. 1997 . Is athlete burnout more than just stress? A sport commitment perspective . Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology , 14 : 391 – 409 . View all references). CTO athletes reported lower psychosocial well-being and a higher reduced sense of accomplishment, but showed no difference in athletic identity. Nor was strength of athletic identity associated with well-being as was hypothesized.
- motivational climate