Asymmetric Monomer, Amorphous Polymer? Structure-Property Relationships in 2,4-FDCA and 2,4-PEF

Mariela M. Nolasco*, Catarina F. Araujo, Shanmugam Thiyagarajan, Svemir Rudić, Pedro D. Vaz, Armando J.D. Silvestre, Paulo J.A. Ribeiro-Claro, Andreia F. Sousa*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The biobased polyester poly(ethylene 2,4-furanoate) (2,4-PEF) is a potentially interesting yet insufficiently studied polymer whose resistance to crystallization fundamentally stems from the asymmetric nature of the 2,4-furandicarboxylic acid monomer. A combination of vibrational spectroscopy (infrared, Raman and inelastic neutron scattering) and ab initio calculations has been used to assess the conformational and regiochemistry preferences of 2,4-PEF. The latter polymerizes following a random distribution of monomer orientation, thereby rendering the formation of periodic interchain C-H···O contacts wholly unfeasible and ultimately favoring the formation of randomly coiled chains based on gauche-ethylene glycol segments. In the absence of C-H···O stabilization, the ordered crystalline arrangement is disfavored and polymer chains - adopting several quasi iso-energetic structures - prefer to solidify into an amorphous mess.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1380-1387
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 5 Feb 2020

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