Breeding for disease resistance to Salmonella enteritidis (SE) could be an effective approach to control Salmonella in poultry. The candidate gene approach is a useful method to investigate genes that are involved in genetic resistance. In this study, 12 candidate genes that are involved in the pathogenesis of Salmonella infection were investigated using five different genetic groups of meat-type chicken. The genes were natural resistance associated macrophage protein 1 (SLC11A1, previously known as NRAMP1), inhibitor of apoptosis protein 1 (IAP1), prosaposin (PSAP), Caspase-1 (CASP1), inducible nitric oxide production (iNOS), interferon-gamma (IFNG), interleukin-2 (IL2), immunoglobulin light chain (IGL), ZOV3, and transforming growth factors B2, B3 and B4 (TGFB2, B3 and B4). In total, 117 birds of all groups were challenged with SE at the age of 3 weeks. In all birds at 7-day post-infection SE load in caecum content, spleen and liver were quantified. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) assays were used to genotype all animals for each gene. Overall we found the most significant associations with caecum content, nine of 12 genes showed a significant association (SLC11A1, IAP1, PSAP, CASP1, iNOS, IL2, IGL, TGFB2 and TGFB4). For liver, five genes (SLC11A1, CASP1, IL2, IGL, and TGFB4) and for spleen, only one gene (TGFB3) showed a significant association with SE load. By showing associations of 12 PCR-RFLP assays with SE load after a pathogen challenge, this study confirmed the polygenic nature of disease resistance to SE.
- immunoglobulin light-chain
- macrophage protein-1
- nramp1 gene
Kramer, J., Malek, M., & Lamont, S. J. (2003). Association of twelve candidate gene polymorphisms and response to challenge with Salmonella enteritidis in poultry. Animal Genetics, 34(5), 339-348. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2052.2003.01027.x