The use of cephalosporin antibiotics in veterinary practice is likely to play an important role in the development of ß-lactam-resistant bacteria. To detect off-label cephalosporin antibiotic usage, an analytical method is needed that, besides the native compound, also detects their active metabolites. In this paper, the applicability of three approaches for the quantitative analysis of ceftiofur using LC–MS/MS is assessed, viz. (A) analysis of ceftiofur, desfuroylceftiofur and/or desfuroylceftiofur cystein disulfide, (B) derivatisation of ceftiofur metabolites to desfuroylceftiofur acetamide and (C) chemical hydrolysis using ammonia, to produce a marker compound for ceftiofur. We found that approach A was not suited for quantitative analysis of total ceftiofur concentration or for effectively detecting off-label use of ceftiofur. Approach B resulted in adequate quantitative results, but was considered a single compound method because it depends on cleavage of a thioester group, which is present in only a limited number of cephalosporin antibiotics. Approach C showed adequate quantitative results but, in contrast to approach B, it is applicable to a range of cephalosporin antibiotics. Therefore, it is applicable as a broad quantitative screening of cephalosporin compounds in poultry tissue samples to indicate off-label use of cephalosporins in poultry breeding. Based on this study, it was concluded that approach C is the most suitable to detect off-label use of a range of cephalosporin antibiotics.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Food Additives & Contaminants. Pt. A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|
- beta-lactam antibiotics
- bacterial pathogens
- kidney tissue