Assessing water service coverage by placeholders: a social media simulation

C.G. Mandara, R.J.A. van Lammeren, A. Niehof

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference paper


This paper presents the simulation of a social media approach to assess village domestic water services coverage by using a combination of known methods to capture placeholders. Placeholder is location based information given by local people who are familiar with a specific area due to a longer period of living in, using and managing that area. Placeholders as such represent experiences and perceptions of local people. This simulation has been realized during 2011-2012 in the Kondoa district of Dodoma region Tanzania to find out in what way local communities may support water services given the options of upcoming mobile technologies. Simulation has been done by collecting data through sketch mapping, geocoded transect walk, focus group discussion and cross-checked by interviews. Results of the simulation show that this type of community water service mapping supports collection and validation of relevant, accurate and representative information on water service coverage at village level. It depicts the intersections between seasonality and accessibility to water services, revealed yet unreported intra-village variation and has added value for updating the status of water services and assessing their adequacy at the village level, in the light of population change and development of new settlements. Regarding social media the acquisition and control of point based waterservice facilities may be an easy first step to set. However the link to a wider community accepted spatial context and options to update village demographics and settlements demand for baseline data and inclusion of social infastructures.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event7th Forum Rural Water Supply Forum: Water for Everybody - Radisson Blu, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire
Duration: 29 Nov 20162 Dec 2016


Conference7th Forum Rural Water Supply Forum: Water for Everybody
CountryCôte d'Ivoire
Internet address

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