Assessing the impact of climate change on rainwater harvesting in the Oum Zessar watershed in Southeastern Tunisia

Ammar Adham*, Jan G. Wesseling, Rasha Abed, Michel Riksen, Mohamed Ouessar, Coen J. Ritsema

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Climate change is believed to have a large impact on water resources system both globally and regionally. It has become a major global issue, especially in developing countries because these are most affected by its impacts. Rainwater harvesting techniques offer an alternative source of water and represent specific adaptive strategies to cope with water scarcity within future climate change. Studying the impact of climate change on rainwater harvesting techniques, however, is difficult, because the general circulation models (GCMs) which are widely used to simulate scenarios of future climate change operate on a coarse scale. We estimated the impact of climate change on water availability at the watershed level by downscaling precipitation and temperature from the GCMs using a statistical downscaling model. A water harvesting model then assessed the performance of the rainwater harvesting techniques for the Oum Zessar watershed in southeastern Tunisia under current climatic conditions and scenarios of future climate change. Annual temperature tended to increase and precipitation tended to decrease. These changes of climatic variables were used in the water harvesting model to simulate future water availability. Changing the directions of water flow between sub-catchments in combination with changing the spillway heights strongly affected the performance of rainwater harvesting under the scenarios of future climate, resulting in a sufficient water supply for 92% of all sub-catchments, compared to 72% without these changes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-140
Number of pages10
JournalAgricultural Water Management
Volume221
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jul 2019

Fingerprint

Tunisia
rainwater
climate change
watershed
rain
water harvesting
downscaling
General Circulation Models
water availability
general circulation model
catchment
water
spillway
water shortages
statistical models
water flow
water resources
water supply
temperature
developing world

Keywords

  • Climate change
  • GCMs
  • SDSM
  • Tunisia
  • Water harvesting model

Cite this

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title = "Assessing the impact of climate change on rainwater harvesting in the Oum Zessar watershed in Southeastern Tunisia",
abstract = "Climate change is believed to have a large impact on water resources system both globally and regionally. It has become a major global issue, especially in developing countries because these are most affected by its impacts. Rainwater harvesting techniques offer an alternative source of water and represent specific adaptive strategies to cope with water scarcity within future climate change. Studying the impact of climate change on rainwater harvesting techniques, however, is difficult, because the general circulation models (GCMs) which are widely used to simulate scenarios of future climate change operate on a coarse scale. We estimated the impact of climate change on water availability at the watershed level by downscaling precipitation and temperature from the GCMs using a statistical downscaling model. A water harvesting model then assessed the performance of the rainwater harvesting techniques for the Oum Zessar watershed in southeastern Tunisia under current climatic conditions and scenarios of future climate change. Annual temperature tended to increase and precipitation tended to decrease. These changes of climatic variables were used in the water harvesting model to simulate future water availability. Changing the directions of water flow between sub-catchments in combination with changing the spillway heights strongly affected the performance of rainwater harvesting under the scenarios of future climate, resulting in a sufficient water supply for 92{\%} of all sub-catchments, compared to 72{\%} without these changes.",
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Assessing the impact of climate change on rainwater harvesting in the Oum Zessar watershed in Southeastern Tunisia. / Adham, Ammar; Wesseling, Jan G.; Abed, Rasha; Riksen, Michel; Ouessar, Mohamed; Ritsema, Coen J.

In: Agricultural Water Management, Vol. 221, 20.07.2019, p. 131-140.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Assessing the impact of climate change on rainwater harvesting in the Oum Zessar watershed in Southeastern Tunisia

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AU - Wesseling, Jan G.

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AU - Ritsema, Coen J.

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