Assessing intra-annual vegetation regrowth after fire using the pixel based regeneration index

S. Lhermitte, J. Verbesselt, W.W. Verstraeten, S. Veraverbeke, P. Coppin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Several remote sensing studies have discussed the potential of satellite imagery as an alternative for extensive field sampling to quantify fire-vegetation impact over large areas. Most studies depend on Landsat image availability with infrequent image acquisition dates and consequently are limited for assessing intra-annual fire-vegetation dynamics or comparing different fire plots and dates. The control pixel based regeneration index (pRI) derived from SPOT-VEGETATION (VGT) normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) is used in this study as an alternative to the traditional bi-temporal Landsat approach based on the normalized burn ratio (NBR). The major advantage of the pRI is the use of unburnt control plots which allow the expression of the intra-annual variation due to regeneration processes without external influences. In the comparison of Landsat and VGT data, (i) the inter-annual differences between the bi-temporal and control plot approach were contrasted and (ii) metrics of pRI were derived and compared with the inter-annual dynamics of both VGT and Landsat data. Results of these comparisons, demonstrate the overall similarity between NBR and NDVI data, stress the importance of the elimination of external influences (e.g., phenological variations), and emphasize the failure of including post-fire vegetation responses in bi-temporal Landsat assessments, especially in quickly recovering ecotypes with a strong annual phenological cycle such as savanna. This highlights the importance of using high frequency multi-temporal approaches to estimate fire-vegetation impact in temporally dynamic vegetation types. (C) 2010 International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Inc. (ISPRS)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-27
JournalISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
Volume66
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • normalized burn ratio
  • net primary productivity
  • thematic mapper data
  • ndvi time-series
  • landsat tm data
  • boreal forest
  • radiometric correction
  • severity
  • cover
  • images

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