Arsenic reduction to <1 µg/L in Dutch drinking water

Arslan Ahmad*, Patrick van der Wens, Kirsten Baken, Luuk de Waal, Prosun Bhattacharya, Pieter Stuyfzand

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Arsenic (As) is a highly toxic element which naturally occurs in drinking water. In spite of substantial evidence on the association between many illnesses and chronic consumption of As, there is still a considerable uncertainty about the health risks due to low As concentrations in drinking water. In the Netherlands, drinking water companies aim to supply water with As concentration of <1 μg/L – a water quality goal which is tenfold more stringent than the current WHO guideline. This paper provides (i) an account on the assessed lung cancer risk for the Dutch population due to pertinent low-level As in drinking water and cost-comparison between health care provision and As removal from water, (ii) an overview of As occurrence and mobility in drinking water sources and water treatment systems in the Netherlands and (iii) insights into As removal methods that have been employed or under investigation to achieve As reduction to <1 µg/L at Dutch water treatment plants. Lowering of the average As concentration to <1μg/L in the Netherlands is shown to result in an annual benefit of 7.2–14 M€. This study has a global significance for setting drinking water As limits and provision of safe drinking water.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105253
JournalEnvironment International
Volume134
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

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arsenic
drinking water
health risk
health care
water treatment
water supply
water quality
cost

Keywords

  • Arsenic removal
  • Drinking water
  • Groundwater
  • Health risk assessment
  • Lung cancer
  • WHO guideline

Cite this

Ahmad, A., van der Wens, P., Baken, K., de Waal, L., Bhattacharya, P., & Stuyfzand, P. (2020). Arsenic reduction to <1 µg/L in Dutch drinking water. Environment International, 134, [105253]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2019.105253
Ahmad, Arslan ; van der Wens, Patrick ; Baken, Kirsten ; de Waal, Luuk ; Bhattacharya, Prosun ; Stuyfzand, Pieter. / Arsenic reduction to <1 µg/L in Dutch drinking water. In: Environment International. 2020 ; Vol. 134.
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abstract = "Arsenic (As) is a highly toxic element which naturally occurs in drinking water. In spite of substantial evidence on the association between many illnesses and chronic consumption of As, there is still a considerable uncertainty about the health risks due to low As concentrations in drinking water. In the Netherlands, drinking water companies aim to supply water with As concentration of <1 μg/L – a water quality goal which is tenfold more stringent than the current WHO guideline. This paper provides (i) an account on the assessed lung cancer risk for the Dutch population due to pertinent low-level As in drinking water and cost-comparison between health care provision and As removal from water, (ii) an overview of As occurrence and mobility in drinking water sources and water treatment systems in the Netherlands and (iii) insights into As removal methods that have been employed or under investigation to achieve As reduction to <1 µg/L at Dutch water treatment plants. Lowering of the average As concentration to <1μg/L in the Netherlands is shown to result in an annual benefit of 7.2–14 M€. This study has a global significance for setting drinking water As limits and provision of safe drinking water.",
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Ahmad, A, van der Wens, P, Baken, K, de Waal, L, Bhattacharya, P & Stuyfzand, P 2020, 'Arsenic reduction to <1 µg/L in Dutch drinking water', Environment International, vol. 134, 105253. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2019.105253

Arsenic reduction to <1 µg/L in Dutch drinking water. / Ahmad, Arslan; van der Wens, Patrick; Baken, Kirsten; de Waal, Luuk; Bhattacharya, Prosun; Stuyfzand, Pieter.

In: Environment International, Vol. 134, 105253, 01.01.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Arsenic reduction to <1 µg/L in Dutch drinking water

AU - Ahmad, Arslan

AU - van der Wens, Patrick

AU - Baken, Kirsten

AU - de Waal, Luuk

AU - Bhattacharya, Prosun

AU - Stuyfzand, Pieter

PY - 2020/1/1

Y1 - 2020/1/1

N2 - Arsenic (As) is a highly toxic element which naturally occurs in drinking water. In spite of substantial evidence on the association between many illnesses and chronic consumption of As, there is still a considerable uncertainty about the health risks due to low As concentrations in drinking water. In the Netherlands, drinking water companies aim to supply water with As concentration of <1 μg/L – a water quality goal which is tenfold more stringent than the current WHO guideline. This paper provides (i) an account on the assessed lung cancer risk for the Dutch population due to pertinent low-level As in drinking water and cost-comparison between health care provision and As removal from water, (ii) an overview of As occurrence and mobility in drinking water sources and water treatment systems in the Netherlands and (iii) insights into As removal methods that have been employed or under investigation to achieve As reduction to <1 µg/L at Dutch water treatment plants. Lowering of the average As concentration to <1μg/L in the Netherlands is shown to result in an annual benefit of 7.2–14 M€. This study has a global significance for setting drinking water As limits and provision of safe drinking water.

AB - Arsenic (As) is a highly toxic element which naturally occurs in drinking water. In spite of substantial evidence on the association between many illnesses and chronic consumption of As, there is still a considerable uncertainty about the health risks due to low As concentrations in drinking water. In the Netherlands, drinking water companies aim to supply water with As concentration of <1 μg/L – a water quality goal which is tenfold more stringent than the current WHO guideline. This paper provides (i) an account on the assessed lung cancer risk for the Dutch population due to pertinent low-level As in drinking water and cost-comparison between health care provision and As removal from water, (ii) an overview of As occurrence and mobility in drinking water sources and water treatment systems in the Netherlands and (iii) insights into As removal methods that have been employed or under investigation to achieve As reduction to <1 µg/L at Dutch water treatment plants. Lowering of the average As concentration to <1μg/L in the Netherlands is shown to result in an annual benefit of 7.2–14 M€. This study has a global significance for setting drinking water As limits and provision of safe drinking water.

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KW - Lung cancer

KW - WHO guideline

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Ahmad A, van der Wens P, Baken K, de Waal L, Bhattacharya P, Stuyfzand P. Arsenic reduction to <1 µg/L in Dutch drinking water. Environment International. 2020 Jan 1;134. 105253. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2019.105253