Are white-beaked dolphins Lagenorhynchus albirostris food specialst? Their diet in the southern North Sea

O.E. Jansen, M.F. Leopold, H.W.G. Meesters, C. Smeenk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The white-beaked dolphin Lagenorhynchus albirostris is the most numerous cetacean after the harbour porpoise Phocoena phocoena in the North Sea, including Dutch coastal waters. In this study, the diet of 45 white-beaked dolphins stranded on the Dutch coast between 1968 and 2005 was determined by analysis of stomach contents. Although 25 fish species were identified, the diet was dominated by Gadidae (98.0% by weight, 40.0% in numbers), found in all stomachs. All other prey species combined contributed little to the diet by weight (2.0%W). The two most important prey species were whiting Merlangius merlangus (91.1% frequency of occurrence (FO), 30.5%N, 37.6%W) and cod Gadus morhua (73.3%FO, 7.4%N, 55.9%W). In numbers, gobies were most common (54.6%N), but contributed little to the diet by weight (0.6%W). Three stomachs contained different prey compared to the others: one animal had taken 2250 gobies, accounting for 96.4% of all gobies found; one animal had fed on 29 small sepiolids; and one animal had solely taken haddock Melanogrammus aeglefinus. Squid and haddock were not found in any other stomach. The overall diet showed a lasting predominance of whiting and cod, without clear changes over time (35 years) or differences between sexes or size-classes of dolphins. This study adds to earlier published and unpublished data for Dutch coastal waters and agrees well with studies of white-beaked dolphins from other parts of the species’ range, in the North Sea and in Canadian waters, with Gadidae dominating the diet on both sides of the Atlantic.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1501-1508
JournalJournal of the Marine Biological Association of The United Kingdom
Volume90
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • eumetopias-jubatus
  • halichoerus-grypus
  • marine mammals
  • hard parts
  • digestion
  • otoliths
  • prey
  • waters
  • cod
  • cetaceans

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