Architecture framework of IoT-based food and farm systems: A multiple case study

Cor Verdouw*, Harald Sundmaeker, Bedir Tekinerdogan, Davide Conzon, Teodoro Montanaro

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The Internet of Things (IoT) is expected to be a real game changer in food and farming. However, an important challenge for large-scale uptake of IoT is to deal with the huge heterogeneity of this domain. This paper develops and applies an architecture framework for modelling IoT-based systems in the agriculture and food domain. The framework comprises a coherent set of architectural viewpoints and a guideline to use these viewpoints to model architectures of individual IoT-based systems. The framework is validated in a multiple case study of the European IoF2020 project, including different agricultural sub sectors, conventional and organic farming, early adopters and early majority farmers, and different supply chain roles. The framework provides a valuable help to model, in a timely, punctual and coherent way, the architecture of IoT-based systems of this diverse set of use cases. Moreover, it serves as a common language for aligning system architectures and enabling reuse of architectural knowledge among multiple autonomous IoT-based systems in agriculture and food.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104939
JournalComputers and Electronics in Agriculture
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019


  • Architectural framework
  • Architecture
  • Food supply chains
  • Internet of Things
  • Smart farming
  • System of systems

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  • Projects

    IoF2020: Internet of Food and Farm 2020


    Project: EU research project

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