Archetypes of Climate Vulnerability: a Mixed-method Approach Applied in the Peruvian Andes

Mariana Vidal Merino, Diana Sietz, Francois Jost, Uta Berger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Farm household systems (FHSs) in the Andes handle climate-related hazards such as frost and droughts with risk-coping and risk-management strategies based on the adaptive capital available to them. Nevertheless, a higher frequency of climatic stressors observed during the last few decades is challenging their capacity to adapt at a pace fast enough to keep up with the changes in external conditions. This increases the demand on the scientific community from policy and decision makers to investigate climate impacts and propose viable adaptation pathways at the local and regional scales. Better understanding heterogeneity in climate vulnerability is an important step towards addressing this demand. We present here a mixed-method approach to assessing archetypes or patterns of climate vulnerability that combines qualitative tools from participatory rural assessment approaches and quantitative techniques including cluster analysis. We illustrate this by looking at a case study of the Central Andes of Peru. The operationalization of the methods revealed differential factors for climate vulnerability, allowing us to categorize FHS archetypes according to the differences in those underlying factors. The archetypes differed mainly according to farm area, agro-ecological zones, irrigation, off-farm employment and climate-related damages. The results suggest that the approach is useful for explaining vulnerability as a function of recurrent internal and external determinants of vulnerability and developing related adaptive strategies.
LanguageEnglish
Pages418-434
Number of pages17
JournalClimate and Development
Volume11
Issue number5
Early online date6 Mar 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

Fingerprint

vulnerability
climate
farm
off-farm employment
climate effect
frost
demand
operationalization
scientific community
cluster analysis
Peru
drought
irrigation
risk management
method
hazard
decision maker
coping
damages
damage

Keywords

  • adaptive capacity
  • agro-ecological zones
  • Andean agriculture
  • pattern analysis
  • sustainable livelihoods

Cite this

Vidal Merino, Mariana ; Sietz, Diana ; Jost, Francois ; Berger, Uta. / Archetypes of Climate Vulnerability: a Mixed-method Approach Applied in the Peruvian Andes. In: Climate and Development. 2019 ; Vol. 11, No. 5. pp. 418-434.
@article{bdf1052397f24d01900982dba6a0a0ce,
title = "Archetypes of Climate Vulnerability: a Mixed-method Approach Applied in the Peruvian Andes",
abstract = "Farm household systems (FHSs) in the Andes handle climate-related hazards such as frost and droughts with risk-coping and risk-management strategies based on the adaptive capital available to them. Nevertheless, a higher frequency of climatic stressors observed during the last few decades is challenging their capacity to adapt at a pace fast enough to keep up with the changes in external conditions. This increases the demand on the scientific community from policy and decision makers to investigate climate impacts and propose viable adaptation pathways at the local and regional scales. Better understanding heterogeneity in climate vulnerability is an important step towards addressing this demand. We present here a mixed-method approach to assessing archetypes or patterns of climate vulnerability that combines qualitative tools from participatory rural assessment approaches and quantitative techniques including cluster analysis. We illustrate this by looking at a case study of the Central Andes of Peru. The operationalization of the methods revealed differential factors for climate vulnerability, allowing us to categorize FHS archetypes according to the differences in those underlying factors. The archetypes differed mainly according to farm area, agro-ecological zones, irrigation, off-farm employment and climate-related damages. The results suggest that the approach is useful for explaining vulnerability as a function of recurrent internal and external determinants of vulnerability and developing related adaptive strategies.",
keywords = "adaptive capacity, agro-ecological zones, Andean agriculture, pattern analysis, sustainable livelihoods",
author = "{Vidal Merino}, Mariana and Diana Sietz and Francois Jost and Uta Berger",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1080/17565529.2018.1442804",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "418--434",
journal = "Climate and Development",
issn = "1756-5529",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "5",

}

Archetypes of Climate Vulnerability: a Mixed-method Approach Applied in the Peruvian Andes. / Vidal Merino, Mariana; Sietz, Diana; Jost, Francois; Berger, Uta.

In: Climate and Development, Vol. 11, No. 5, 05.2019, p. 418-434.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Archetypes of Climate Vulnerability: a Mixed-method Approach Applied in the Peruvian Andes

AU - Vidal Merino, Mariana

AU - Sietz, Diana

AU - Jost, Francois

AU - Berger, Uta

PY - 2019/5

Y1 - 2019/5

N2 - Farm household systems (FHSs) in the Andes handle climate-related hazards such as frost and droughts with risk-coping and risk-management strategies based on the adaptive capital available to them. Nevertheless, a higher frequency of climatic stressors observed during the last few decades is challenging their capacity to adapt at a pace fast enough to keep up with the changes in external conditions. This increases the demand on the scientific community from policy and decision makers to investigate climate impacts and propose viable adaptation pathways at the local and regional scales. Better understanding heterogeneity in climate vulnerability is an important step towards addressing this demand. We present here a mixed-method approach to assessing archetypes or patterns of climate vulnerability that combines qualitative tools from participatory rural assessment approaches and quantitative techniques including cluster analysis. We illustrate this by looking at a case study of the Central Andes of Peru. The operationalization of the methods revealed differential factors for climate vulnerability, allowing us to categorize FHS archetypes according to the differences in those underlying factors. The archetypes differed mainly according to farm area, agro-ecological zones, irrigation, off-farm employment and climate-related damages. The results suggest that the approach is useful for explaining vulnerability as a function of recurrent internal and external determinants of vulnerability and developing related adaptive strategies.

AB - Farm household systems (FHSs) in the Andes handle climate-related hazards such as frost and droughts with risk-coping and risk-management strategies based on the adaptive capital available to them. Nevertheless, a higher frequency of climatic stressors observed during the last few decades is challenging their capacity to adapt at a pace fast enough to keep up with the changes in external conditions. This increases the demand on the scientific community from policy and decision makers to investigate climate impacts and propose viable adaptation pathways at the local and regional scales. Better understanding heterogeneity in climate vulnerability is an important step towards addressing this demand. We present here a mixed-method approach to assessing archetypes or patterns of climate vulnerability that combines qualitative tools from participatory rural assessment approaches and quantitative techniques including cluster analysis. We illustrate this by looking at a case study of the Central Andes of Peru. The operationalization of the methods revealed differential factors for climate vulnerability, allowing us to categorize FHS archetypes according to the differences in those underlying factors. The archetypes differed mainly according to farm area, agro-ecological zones, irrigation, off-farm employment and climate-related damages. The results suggest that the approach is useful for explaining vulnerability as a function of recurrent internal and external determinants of vulnerability and developing related adaptive strategies.

KW - adaptive capacity

KW - agro-ecological zones

KW - Andean agriculture

KW - pattern analysis

KW - sustainable livelihoods

U2 - 10.1080/17565529.2018.1442804

DO - 10.1080/17565529.2018.1442804

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 418

EP - 434

JO - Climate and Development

T2 - Climate and Development

JF - Climate and Development

SN - 1756-5529

IS - 5

ER -