L-type lectin receptor kinases (LecRKs) are potential immune receptors. Here we characterized two closely-related Arabidopsis LecRKs, LecRK-IX.1 and LecRK-IX.2, of which T-DNA insertion mutants showed compromised resistance to Phytophthora brassicae and Phytophthora capsici, with double mutants showing additive susceptibility. Overexpression of LecRK-IX.1 or LecRK-IX.2 in Arabidopsis and transient expression in N. benthamiana increased Phytophthora resistance but also induced cell death. Phytophthora resistance required both the lectin domain and kinase activity, but for cell death the lectin domain was not needed. Silencing of the two closely related MAP kinase genes NbSIPK and NbNTF4 in N. benthamiana completely abolished LecRK-IX.1-induced cell death but not Phytophthora resistance. LC-MS analysis of protein complexes co-immunoprecipitated in planta with LecRK-IX.1 or LecRK-IX.2 as bait, resulted in the identification of the N. benthamiana ABC transporter NbPDR1 as potential interactor of both LecRKs. The closest homolog of NbPDR1 in Arabidopsis is ABCG40 and co-immunoprecipitation experiments showed that ABCG40 associates with LecRK-IX.1 and LecRK-IX.2 in planta. Similar to the LecRK mutants, ABCG40 mutants showed compromised Phytophthora resistance. This study shows that LecRK-IX.1 and LecRK-IX.2 are Phytophthora resistance components that function independent of each other, and independent of the cell death phenotype. They both interact with the same ABC transporter suggesting that they exploit similar signal transduction pathways.
Wang, Y., Cordewener, J. H. G., America, A. H. P., Shan, W., Bouwmeester, K., & Govers, F. (2015). Arabidopsis lectin receptor kinases LecRK-IX.1 and LecRK-IX.2 are functional analogs in regulating Phytophthora resistance and plant cell death. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 28(9), 1032-1048. https://doi.org/10.1094/MPMI-02-15-0025-R