Applying two-photon excitation fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy to study photosynthesis in plant leaves

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Abstract

This study investigates to which extent two-photon excitation (TPE) fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy can be applied to study picosecond fluorescence kinetics of individual chloroplasts in leaves. Using femtosecond 860 nm excitation pulses, fluorescence lifetimes can be measured in leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana and Alocasia wentii under excitation-annihilation free conditions, both for the F 0- and the F m-state. The corresponding average lifetimes are ~250 ps and ~1.5 ns, respectively, similar to those of isolated chloroplasts. These values appear to be the same for chloroplasts in the top, middle, and bottom layer of the leaves. With the spatial resolution of ~500 nm in the focal (xy) plane and 2 ¿m in the z direction, it appears to be impossible to fully resolve the grana stacks and stroma lamellae, but variations in the fluorescence lifetimes, and thus of the composition on a pixel-to-pixel base can be observed
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-96
JournalPhotosynthesis Research
Volume100
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • light-harvesting-complex
  • energy-transfer
  • photosystem-ii
  • transient absorption
  • charge separation
  • chlorophyll-b
  • green plants
  • lhcii
  • time
  • grana

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