Application of a continuous bioreactor cascade to study the effect of linoleic acid on hybridoma cell physiology

D. Kisztelinski, G.M. Alink, I.M.C.M. Rietjens, S. Bielecki, J. Tramper, D.E. Martens

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3 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of the present study is to demonstrate the use of controlled bioreactors for toxicological studies. As a model system the effect of linoleic acid on hybridoma cells is studied in two well-controlled continuously operated bioreactors placed in series. In the first reactor the effect on rapid proliferating cells can be studied, while in the second reactor a special steady state is created, which allows studying the effect on apoptotic cells. Experiments are done at 0, 25, and 50 microM linoleic acid. At the end of the experiment with 50 microM linoleic acid, the concentration of linoleic acid is increased stepwise to determine the cytotoxic level. For rapid proliferating cells exposed to 25 and 50 microM stimulation of growth was observed. At 50 microM there was at the same time an increase in cell death through apoptosis. For stressed apoptotic cells linoleic acid caused partial growth inhibition at 25 and 50 microM and arrest of cell proliferation in the G(2)/M phase at 50 microM. For both, rapid proliferating cells and stressed apoptotic cells, complete growth inhibition occurred at 85 microM, with cells being arrested in the G(2)/M phase and dying mainly through necrosis. Cells in the bioreactor system appeared to be more sensitive towards linoleic acid than cells grown in multi-well plates. (IC(50) = 300 microM; IC(100) = 400 microM). Altogether the results of the present study reveal that the biostat experiments allow detailed analysis of the effect of a bioactive ingredient on cell physiology and behavior.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)370-383
JournalBiotechnology and Bioengineering
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2006


  • polyunsaturated fatty-acids
  • human cancer-cells
  • arachidonic-acid
  • in-vitro
  • mammary tumorigenesis
  • eicosanoid synthesis
  • dilution rate
  • growth-rate
  • nude-mice
  • apoptosis

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