Apparent digestibility coefficient of duckweed (Lemna minor), fresh and dry for Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.)

S.A.A.M. El-Shafai, F. El-Gohary, J.A.J. Verreth, J.W. Schrama, H.J. Gijzen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dry matter (DMD), protein (PD), ash (AD), fat (FD), gross energy (ED) and phosphorus (PhD) digestibility coefficients were determined for five different iso-N fish diets fed to Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). The control diet contained fishmeal (35%), corn (29%), wheat (20%), wheat bran (10%), fish oil (3%), diamol (2%) and premix (1%). Partial replacement of dry matter of fishmeal, corn grain, wheat grain, wheat bran and fish oil by 20% and 40% of dry matter of duckweed, in a dry and fresh form, was performed. Diets of treatments 1 and 2 included 20% and 40% of duckweed, respectively, in a dry form. In treatments 3 and 4, tilapia received formulated diets 4 and 5 in addition to 20% and 40% fresh duckweed providing the same amount of dry matter and protein as in control. The specific growth rates (SGRs) of tilapia were 1.51+/-0.07, 1.38+/-0.03, 1.31+/-0.06, 1.44+/-0.02 and 1.33+/-0.05, in control and treatments 1-4. There was no significant difference between SGR for the control diet and the diet with 20% fresh duckweed, while the other treatment groups had significantly lower SGR. All the treatment diets provide good values for feed conversion ratios (FCRs) and protein efficiency ratio (PER). Dry matter of diets ranged from 61.8% in treatment 4 to 85.2% in control. All the diets have high PD (88.4-93.9%) and high-energy digestibility (78.1-90.7%). Dry matter of duckweed were 66.8, 63.3, 45.8 and 28.3 in treatments 1 to 4 respectively. Protein values were 78.4, 79.9, 77.6 and 75.9, while ED values were 59.8, 60.9, 64.5 and 58.4 in treatments 1 to 4 respectively. Analysis of body composition shows that tilapia fed diets with duckweed contain significantly (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)574-586
JournalAquaculture Research
Volume35
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Keywords

  • trout oncorhynchus-mykiss
  • bass dicentrarchus-labrax
  • dietary-protein sources
  • acid-insoluble ash
  • rainbow-trout
  • nutrient digestibility
  • feed ingredients
  • morone-saxatilis
  • body-composition
  • striped bass

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