antiSMASH 5.0: updates to the secondary metabolite genome mining pipeline

Kai Blin, Simon Shaw, Katharina Steinke, Rasmus Villebro, Nadine Ziemert, Sang Yup Lee, Marnix H. Medema*, Tilmann Weber*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

350 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Secondary metabolites produced by bacteria and fungi are an important source of antimicrobials and other bioactive compounds. In recent years, genome mining has seen broad applications in identifying and characterizing new compounds as well as in metabolic engineering. Since 2011, the 'antibiotics and secondary metabolite analysis shell-antiSMASH' (https://antismash.secondarymetabolites.org) has assisted researchers in this, both as a web server and a standalone tool. It has established itself as the most widely used tool for identifying and analysing biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) in bacterial and fungal genome sequences. Here, we present an entirely redesigned and extended version 5 of antiSMASH. antiSMASH 5 adds detection rules for clusters encoding the biosynthesis of acyl-amino acids, β-lactones, fungal RiPPs, RaS-RiPPs, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, C-nucleosides, PPY-like ketones and lipolanthines. For type II polyketide synthase-encoding gene clusters, antiSMASH 5 now offers more detailed predictions. The HTML output visualization has been redesigned to improve the navigation and visual representation of annotations. We have again improved the runtime of analysis steps, making it possible to deliver comprehensive annotations for bacterial genomes within a few minutes. A new output file in the standard JavaScript object notation (JSON) format is aimed at downstream tools that process antiSMASH results programmatically.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)W81-W87
JournalNucleic acids research
Volume47
Issue numberW1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jul 2019

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    Blin, K., Shaw, S., Steinke, K., Villebro, R., Ziemert, N., Lee, S. Y., Medema, M. H., & Weber, T. (2019). antiSMASH 5.0: updates to the secondary metabolite genome mining pipeline. Nucleic acids research, 47(W1), W81-W87. https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkz310