Antibiotic resistance plasmid composition and architecture in Escherichia coli isolates from meat

Tania S. Darphorn, Keshia Bel, Belinda B. Koenders-van Sint Anneland, Stanley Brul, Benno H. Ter Kuile*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Resistance plasmids play a crucial role in the transfer of antimicrobial resistance from the veterinary sector to human healthcare. In this study plasmids from foodborne Escherichia coli isolates with a known (ES)BL or tetracycline resistance were sequenced entirely with short- and long-read technologies to obtain insight into their composition and to identify driving factors for spreading. Resistant foodborne E. coli isolates often contained several plasmids coding for resistance to various antimicrobials. Most plasmids were large and contained multiple resistance genes in addition to the selected resistance gene. The majority of plasmids belonged to the IncI, IncF and IncX incompatibility groups. Conserved and variable regions could be distinguished in each of the plasmid groups. Clusters containing resistance genes were located in the variable regions. Tetracycline and (extended spectrum) beta-lactamase resistance genes were each situated in separate clusters, but sulphonamide, macrolide and aminoglycoside formed one cluster and lincosamide and aminoglycoside another. In most plasmids, addiction systems were found to maintain presence in the cell.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2136
JournalScientific Reports
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jan 2021

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