Animal Botulism Outcomes in the AniBioThreat Project. Biosecur. Bioterror

C. Woudstra, A. Tevell Aberg, H. Skarin, F. Anniballi, D. De Medici, L. Bano, M.G.J. Koene, Ch. Löfström, T. Hansen, M. Hedeland, P. Fach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Botulism disease in both humans and animals is a worldwide concern. Botulinum neurotoxins produced by Clostridium botulinum and other Clostridium species are the most potent biological substances known and are responsible for flaccid paralysis leading to a high mortality rate. Clostridium botulinum and botulinum neurotoxins are considered potential weapons for bioterrorism and have been included in the Australia Group List of Biological Agents. In 2010 the European Commission (DG Justice, Freedom and Security) funded a 3-year project named AniBioThreat to improve the EU's capacity to counter animal bioterrorism threats. A detection portfolio with screening methods for botulism agents and incidents was needed to improve tracking and tracing of accidental and deliberate contamination of the feed and food chain with botulinum neurotoxins and other Clostridia. The complexity of this threat required acquiring new genetic information to better understand the diversity of these Clostridia and develop detection methods targeting both highly specific genetic markers of these Clostridia and the neurotoxins they are able to produce. Several European institutes participating in the AniBioThreat project collaborated on this program to achieve these objectives. Their scientific developments are discussed here.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S177-S182
JournalBiosecurity and Bioterrorism: biodefense strategy, practice and science
Volume11
Issue numberSuppl. 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

bioterrorism
Botulism
Clostridium
Neurotoxins
animal
threat
Clostridium botulinum
Bioterrorism
weapon
genetic marker
European Commission
detection method
environmental pollution
food chain
targeting
incident
mortality
EU
justice
food

Keywords

  • real-time pcr
  • polymerase-chain-reaction
  • neurotoxin-producing clostridia
  • mass-spectrometry
  • quantitative detection
  • bovine samples
  • wound botulism
  • sybr green
  • group-iii
  • types c

Cite this

Woudstra, C., Tevell Aberg, A., Skarin, H., Anniballi, F., De Medici, D., Bano, L., ... Fach, P. (2013). Animal Botulism Outcomes in the AniBioThreat Project. Biosecur. Bioterror. Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: biodefense strategy, practice and science, 11(Suppl. 1), S177-S182. https://doi.org/10.1089/bsp.2012.0074
Woudstra, C. ; Tevell Aberg, A. ; Skarin, H. ; Anniballi, F. ; De Medici, D. ; Bano, L. ; Koene, M.G.J. ; Löfström, Ch. ; Hansen, T. ; Hedeland, M. ; Fach, P. / Animal Botulism Outcomes in the AniBioThreat Project. Biosecur. Bioterror. In: Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: biodefense strategy, practice and science. 2013 ; Vol. 11, No. Suppl. 1. pp. S177-S182.
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Woudstra, C, Tevell Aberg, A, Skarin, H, Anniballi, F, De Medici, D, Bano, L, Koene, MGJ, Löfström, C, Hansen, T, Hedeland, M & Fach, P 2013, 'Animal Botulism Outcomes in the AniBioThreat Project. Biosecur. Bioterror', Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: biodefense strategy, practice and science, vol. 11, no. Suppl. 1, pp. S177-S182. https://doi.org/10.1089/bsp.2012.0074

Animal Botulism Outcomes in the AniBioThreat Project. Biosecur. Bioterror. / Woudstra, C.; Tevell Aberg, A.; Skarin, H.; Anniballi, F.; De Medici, D.; Bano, L.; Koene, M.G.J.; Löfström, Ch.; Hansen, T.; Hedeland, M.; Fach, P.

In: Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: biodefense strategy, practice and science, Vol. 11, No. Suppl. 1, 2013, p. S177-S182.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Animal Botulism Outcomes in the AniBioThreat Project. Biosecur. Bioterror

AU - Woudstra, C.

AU - Tevell Aberg, A.

AU - Skarin, H.

AU - Anniballi, F.

AU - De Medici, D.

AU - Bano, L.

AU - Koene, M.G.J.

AU - Löfström, Ch.

AU - Hansen, T.

AU - Hedeland, M.

AU - Fach, P.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Botulism disease in both humans and animals is a worldwide concern. Botulinum neurotoxins produced by Clostridium botulinum and other Clostridium species are the most potent biological substances known and are responsible for flaccid paralysis leading to a high mortality rate. Clostridium botulinum and botulinum neurotoxins are considered potential weapons for bioterrorism and have been included in the Australia Group List of Biological Agents. In 2010 the European Commission (DG Justice, Freedom and Security) funded a 3-year project named AniBioThreat to improve the EU's capacity to counter animal bioterrorism threats. A detection portfolio with screening methods for botulism agents and incidents was needed to improve tracking and tracing of accidental and deliberate contamination of the feed and food chain with botulinum neurotoxins and other Clostridia. The complexity of this threat required acquiring new genetic information to better understand the diversity of these Clostridia and develop detection methods targeting both highly specific genetic markers of these Clostridia and the neurotoxins they are able to produce. Several European institutes participating in the AniBioThreat project collaborated on this program to achieve these objectives. Their scientific developments are discussed here.

AB - Botulism disease in both humans and animals is a worldwide concern. Botulinum neurotoxins produced by Clostridium botulinum and other Clostridium species are the most potent biological substances known and are responsible for flaccid paralysis leading to a high mortality rate. Clostridium botulinum and botulinum neurotoxins are considered potential weapons for bioterrorism and have been included in the Australia Group List of Biological Agents. In 2010 the European Commission (DG Justice, Freedom and Security) funded a 3-year project named AniBioThreat to improve the EU's capacity to counter animal bioterrorism threats. A detection portfolio with screening methods for botulism agents and incidents was needed to improve tracking and tracing of accidental and deliberate contamination of the feed and food chain with botulinum neurotoxins and other Clostridia. The complexity of this threat required acquiring new genetic information to better understand the diversity of these Clostridia and develop detection methods targeting both highly specific genetic markers of these Clostridia and the neurotoxins they are able to produce. Several European institutes participating in the AniBioThreat project collaborated on this program to achieve these objectives. Their scientific developments are discussed here.

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KW - polymerase-chain-reaction

KW - neurotoxin-producing clostridia

KW - mass-spectrometry

KW - quantitative detection

KW - bovine samples

KW - wound botulism

KW - sybr green

KW - group-iii

KW - types c

U2 - 10.1089/bsp.2012.0074

DO - 10.1089/bsp.2012.0074

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - S177-S182

JO - Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: biodefense strategy, practice and science

JF - Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: biodefense strategy, practice and science

SN - 1538-7135

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ER -