Analyzing the homeostasis of signaling proteins by a combination of Western blot and fluorescence correlation spectroscopy

Yi Da Chung, Michael D. Sinzinger, Petra Bovee-Geurts, Marina Krause, Sip Dinkla, Irma Joosten, Werner J. Koopman, Merel J.W. Adjobo-Hermans, Roland Brock*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The determination of intracellular protein concentrations is a prerequisite for understanding protein interaction networks in systems biology. Today, protein quantification is based either on mass spectrometry, which requires large cell numbers and sophisticated measurement protocols, or on quantitative Western blotting, which requires the expression and purification of a recombinant protein as a reference. Here, we present a method that uses a transiently expressed fluorescent fusion protein of the protein-of-interest as an easily accessible reference in small volumes of crude cell lysates. The concentration of the fusion protein is determined by fluorescence correlation spectroscopy, and this concentration is used to calibrate the intensity of bands on a Western blot. We applied this method to address cellular protein homeostasis by determining the concentrations of the plasma membrane-located transmembrane scaffolding protein LAT and soluble signaling proteins in naïve T cells and transformed T-cell lymphoma (Jurkat) cells (with the latter having nine times the volume of the former). Strikingly, the protein numbers of soluble proteins scaled with the cell volume, whereas that of the transmembrane protein LAT scaled with the membrane surface. This leads to significantly different stoichiometries of signaling proteins in transformed and naïve cells in concentration ranges that may translate directly into differences in complex formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2807-2815
Number of pages9
JournalBiophysical Journal
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 7 Dec 2011
Externally publishedYes


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