Analysis of the exopolysaccharides produced by Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus NCFB 2772 grown in continuous culture on glucose and fructose.

G.J. Grobben, W.H.M. van Casteren, H.A. Schols, A. Oosterveld, G. Sala, M.R. Smith, J. Sikkema, J.A.M. de Bont

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Abstract

The exopolysaccharides produced by Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus NCFB 2772 grown in defined medium were investigated. At equal cell densities, the strain produced 95 mg l−1 exopolysaccharides with glucose and 30 mg l−1 with fructose as the carbohydrate source. High-performance size-exclusion chromatography of the exopolysaccharides produced on glucose showed the presence of two fractions with relative molecular masses (M r) of 1.7 × 106 and 4 × 104 in almost equal amounts. The exopolysaccharides produced on fructose contained mainly a fraction of low M r of 4 × 104. The high-M r fraction of the purified exopolysaccharides produced on glucose appeared to have a sugar composition of galactose, glucose and rhamnose in the molar ratio of 5:1:1, whereas the low-M r weight fraction contained galactose, glucose and rhamnose in the molar ratio of approximately 11:1:0.4. The purified exopolysaccharide fractions produced on fructose showed comparable ratios. The high-molecular-mass fractions contained terminally linked galactose, 1,2,3-linked galactose, 1,3,4-linked galactose, 1,3-linked glucose and terminally linked rhamnose. The low-molecular-mass fractions contained mainly 1,3-linked galactose and 1,6-linked galactose and lower amounts of other sugar linkages. The production of the high-M r fractions appeared to be dependent on the carbohydrate source, whereas the low-M r fractions were produced more continuously.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)516-521
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume48
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997

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