Analysis of collective performance in the Malian shea sector: from fields to markets

A. Sidibe

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WU


Shea butter extracted from kernels can be found in cosmetic and food products. Organising women to make butter for international markets has been central to development strategies in the Malian shea sector. However, only a limited number of women are actually member of and benefit from such groups. Detailed study of cooperatives revealed that non-members played an important role, and a case study cooperative showed how their interests were accommodated by becoming less dependent on a single, international market and by re-arranging its linkages with traders. Hence, rather than pushing women into a pre-defined practice, the making of butter, this thesis shows the relevance of understanding how women with different social positions engage in the performance of collective tasks in fields and markets. I conclude that co-operation emerges in evolving practices rather than from formal organisational models.

Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Wageningen University
  • Kuijper, Thomas, Promotor
  • Vellema, Sietze, Co-promotor
  • Te´me´, B., Co-promotor, External person
  • Yossi, H., Co-promotor, External person
Award date10 Dec 2013
Place of PublicationWageningen
Print ISBNs9789461738011
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • vitellaria paradoxa
  • participation
  • collectivization
  • performance
  • women
  • cooperatives
  • agricultural cooperatives
  • markets
  • mali


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