An Outlook on Microalgal Biofuels

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1356 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Microalgae are considered one of the most promising feedstocks for biofuels. The productivity of these photosynthetic microorganisms in converting carbon dioxide into carbon-rich lipids, only a step or two away from biodiesel, greatly exceeds that of agricultural oleaginous crops, without competing for arable land. Worldwide, research and demonstration programs are being carried out to develop the technology needed to expand algal lipid production from a craft to a major industrial process. Although microalgae are not yet produced at large scale for bulk applications, recent advances-particularly in the methods of systems biology, genetic engineering, and biorefining-present opportunities to develop this process in a sustainable and economical way within the next 10 to 15 years
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)796-799
JournalScience
Volume329
Issue number5993
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • biobased economy
  • algae
  • algae culture
  • biodiesel
  • economic viability
  • cultural methods
  • biomass production
  • genome reveals
  • photobioreactor
  • efficiency
  • chemicals
  • evolution
  • energy

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