An integrative phylogenomic approach illuminates the evolutionary history of cockroaches and termites (Blattodea)

Dominic A. Evangelista*, Benjamin Wipfler, Olivier Béthoux, Alexander Donath, Mari Fujita, Manpreet K. Kohli, Frédéric Legendre, Shanlin Liu, Ryuichiro Machida, Bernhard Misof, Ralph S. Peters, Lars Podsiadlowski, Jes Rust, Kai Schuette, Ward Tollenaar, Jessica L. Ware, Torsten Wappler, Xin Zhou, Karen Meusemann, Sabrina Simon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Phylogenetic relationships among subgroups of cockroaches and termites are still matters of debate. Their divergence times and major phenotypic transitions during evolution are also not yet settled. We addressed these points by combining the first nuclear phylogenomic study of termites and cockroaches with a thorough approach to divergence time analysis, identification of endosymbionts, and reconstruction of ancestral morphological traits and behaviour. Analyses of the phylogenetic relationships within Blattodea robustly confirm previously uncertain hypotheses such as the sister-group relationship between Blaberoidea and remaining Blattodea, and Lamproblatta being the closest relative to the social and wood-feeding Cryptocercus and termites. Consequently, we propose new names for various clades in Blattodea: Cryptocercus þ termites ¼ Tutricablattae; Lamproblattidae þ Tutricablattae ¼ Kittrickea; and Blattoidea þ Corydioidea ¼ Solumblattodea. Our inferred divergence times contradict previous studies by showing that most subgroups of Blattodea evolved in the Cretaceous, reducing the gap between molecular estimates of divergence times and the fossil record. On a phenotypic level, the blatto-dean ground-plan is for egg packages to be laid directly in a hole while other forms of oviposition, including ovovivipary and vivipary, arose later. Finally, other changes in egg care strategy may have allowed for the adaptation of nest building and other novelties.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20182076
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Volume286
Issue number1895
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Isoptera
cockroach
Cockroaches
termite
Blattodea
Wood
History
divergence
history
Cryptocercus
egg
phylogenetics
endosymbiont
Ovum
ovovivipary
fossil record
oviposition
Oviposition
nest
vivipary (animals)

Keywords

  • Isoptera
  • Maternal care
  • Palaeontology
  • Sociality
  • Systematics
  • Transcriptomes

Cite this

Evangelista, Dominic A. ; Wipfler, Benjamin ; Béthoux, Olivier ; Donath, Alexander ; Fujita, Mari ; Kohli, Manpreet K. ; Legendre, Frédéric ; Liu, Shanlin ; Machida, Ryuichiro ; Misof, Bernhard ; Peters, Ralph S. ; Podsiadlowski, Lars ; Rust, Jes ; Schuette, Kai ; Tollenaar, Ward ; Ware, Jessica L. ; Wappler, Torsten ; Zhou, Xin ; Meusemann, Karen ; Simon, Sabrina. / An integrative phylogenomic approach illuminates the evolutionary history of cockroaches and termites (Blattodea). In: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 2019 ; Vol. 286, No. 1895.
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abstract = "Phylogenetic relationships among subgroups of cockroaches and termites are still matters of debate. Their divergence times and major phenotypic transitions during evolution are also not yet settled. We addressed these points by combining the first nuclear phylogenomic study of termites and cockroaches with a thorough approach to divergence time analysis, identification of endosymbionts, and reconstruction of ancestral morphological traits and behaviour. Analyses of the phylogenetic relationships within Blattodea robustly confirm previously uncertain hypotheses such as the sister-group relationship between Blaberoidea and remaining Blattodea, and Lamproblatta being the closest relative to the social and wood-feeding Cryptocercus and termites. Consequently, we propose new names for various clades in Blattodea: Cryptocercus {\th} termites ¼ Tutricablattae; Lamproblattidae {\th} Tutricablattae ¼ Kittrickea; and Blattoidea {\th} Corydioidea ¼ Solumblattodea. Our inferred divergence times contradict previous studies by showing that most subgroups of Blattodea evolved in the Cretaceous, reducing the gap between molecular estimates of divergence times and the fossil record. On a phenotypic level, the blatto-dean ground-plan is for egg packages to be laid directly in a hole while other forms of oviposition, including ovovivipary and vivipary, arose later. Finally, other changes in egg care strategy may have allowed for the adaptation of nest building and other novelties.",
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Evangelista, DA, Wipfler, B, Béthoux, O, Donath, A, Fujita, M, Kohli, MK, Legendre, F, Liu, S, Machida, R, Misof, B, Peters, RS, Podsiadlowski, L, Rust, J, Schuette, K, Tollenaar, W, Ware, JL, Wappler, T, Zhou, X, Meusemann, K & Simon, S 2019, 'An integrative phylogenomic approach illuminates the evolutionary history of cockroaches and termites (Blattodea)', Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol. 286, no. 1895, 20182076. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2018.2076

An integrative phylogenomic approach illuminates the evolutionary history of cockroaches and termites (Blattodea). / Evangelista, Dominic A.; Wipfler, Benjamin; Béthoux, Olivier; Donath, Alexander; Fujita, Mari; Kohli, Manpreet K.; Legendre, Frédéric; Liu, Shanlin; Machida, Ryuichiro; Misof, Bernhard; Peters, Ralph S.; Podsiadlowski, Lars; Rust, Jes; Schuette, Kai; Tollenaar, Ward; Ware, Jessica L.; Wappler, Torsten; Zhou, Xin; Meusemann, Karen; Simon, Sabrina.

In: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 286, No. 1895, 20182076, 30.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - An integrative phylogenomic approach illuminates the evolutionary history of cockroaches and termites (Blattodea)

AU - Evangelista, Dominic A.

AU - Wipfler, Benjamin

AU - Béthoux, Olivier

AU - Donath, Alexander

AU - Fujita, Mari

AU - Kohli, Manpreet K.

AU - Legendre, Frédéric

AU - Liu, Shanlin

AU - Machida, Ryuichiro

AU - Misof, Bernhard

AU - Peters, Ralph S.

AU - Podsiadlowski, Lars

AU - Rust, Jes

AU - Schuette, Kai

AU - Tollenaar, Ward

AU - Ware, Jessica L.

AU - Wappler, Torsten

AU - Zhou, Xin

AU - Meusemann, Karen

AU - Simon, Sabrina

PY - 2019/1/30

Y1 - 2019/1/30

N2 - Phylogenetic relationships among subgroups of cockroaches and termites are still matters of debate. Their divergence times and major phenotypic transitions during evolution are also not yet settled. We addressed these points by combining the first nuclear phylogenomic study of termites and cockroaches with a thorough approach to divergence time analysis, identification of endosymbionts, and reconstruction of ancestral morphological traits and behaviour. Analyses of the phylogenetic relationships within Blattodea robustly confirm previously uncertain hypotheses such as the sister-group relationship between Blaberoidea and remaining Blattodea, and Lamproblatta being the closest relative to the social and wood-feeding Cryptocercus and termites. Consequently, we propose new names for various clades in Blattodea: Cryptocercus þ termites ¼ Tutricablattae; Lamproblattidae þ Tutricablattae ¼ Kittrickea; and Blattoidea þ Corydioidea ¼ Solumblattodea. Our inferred divergence times contradict previous studies by showing that most subgroups of Blattodea evolved in the Cretaceous, reducing the gap between molecular estimates of divergence times and the fossil record. On a phenotypic level, the blatto-dean ground-plan is for egg packages to be laid directly in a hole while other forms of oviposition, including ovovivipary and vivipary, arose later. Finally, other changes in egg care strategy may have allowed for the adaptation of nest building and other novelties.

AB - Phylogenetic relationships among subgroups of cockroaches and termites are still matters of debate. Their divergence times and major phenotypic transitions during evolution are also not yet settled. We addressed these points by combining the first nuclear phylogenomic study of termites and cockroaches with a thorough approach to divergence time analysis, identification of endosymbionts, and reconstruction of ancestral morphological traits and behaviour. Analyses of the phylogenetic relationships within Blattodea robustly confirm previously uncertain hypotheses such as the sister-group relationship between Blaberoidea and remaining Blattodea, and Lamproblatta being the closest relative to the social and wood-feeding Cryptocercus and termites. Consequently, we propose new names for various clades in Blattodea: Cryptocercus þ termites ¼ Tutricablattae; Lamproblattidae þ Tutricablattae ¼ Kittrickea; and Blattoidea þ Corydioidea ¼ Solumblattodea. Our inferred divergence times contradict previous studies by showing that most subgroups of Blattodea evolved in the Cretaceous, reducing the gap between molecular estimates of divergence times and the fossil record. On a phenotypic level, the blatto-dean ground-plan is for egg packages to be laid directly in a hole while other forms of oviposition, including ovovivipary and vivipary, arose later. Finally, other changes in egg care strategy may have allowed for the adaptation of nest building and other novelties.

KW - Isoptera

KW - Maternal care

KW - Palaeontology

KW - Sociality

KW - Systematics

KW - Transcriptomes

U2 - 10.1098/rspb.2018.2076

DO - 10.1098/rspb.2018.2076

M3 - Article

VL - 286

JO - Proceedings of the Royal Society. B: Biological Sciences

JF - Proceedings of the Royal Society. B: Biological Sciences

SN - 0962-8452

IS - 1895

M1 - 20182076

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