An earth system governance research agenda for carbon removal

Sean Low*, Miranda Boettcher, Shinichiro Asayama, Chad Baum, Amanda Borth, Calum Brown, Forrest Clingerman, Peter Dauvergne, Kari De Pryck, Aarti Gupta, Matthias Honegger, Dominic Lenzi, Renate Reitsma, Felix Schenuit, Celina Scott-Buechler, Jose Maria Valenzuela

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Carbon dioxide removal (CDR) – the creation, enhancement, and upscaling of carbon sinks – has become a pillar of national and corporate commitments towards Net Zero emissions, as well as pathways towards realizing the Paris Agreement's ambitious temperature targets. In this perspective, we explore CDR as an emerging issue of Earth System Governance (ESG). We draw on the results of a workshop at the 2022 Earth System Governance conference that mapped a range of actors, activities, and issues relevant to carbon removal, and refined them into research questions spanning four intersecting areas: modeling and systems assessment, societal appraisal, policy, and innovation and industry. We filter these questions through the five lenses of the ESG framework and highlight several key ‘cross-cutting’ issues that could form the basis of an integrated ESG research agenda on CDR.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100204
JournalEarth System Governance
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024


  • Assessment
  • Carbon dioxide removal
  • Climate governance
  • Earth system governance
  • Innovation
  • Policy


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