An autonomous weeding robot for organic farming

T. Bakker, C.J. van Asselt, J. Bontsema, J. Müller, G. van Straten

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperAcademicpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


The objective of this research is the replacement of hand weeding in organic farming by a device working autonomously at ¯eld level. The autonomous weeding robot was designed using a structured design approach, giving a good overview of the total design. A vehicle was developed with a diesel engine, hydraulic transmission, four-wheel drive and four-wheel steering. The available power and the stability of the vehicle does not limit the freedom of research regarding solutions for intra-row weed detection and weeding actuators. To ful¯ll the function of navigation along the row a new machine vision algorithm was developed. A test in sugar beet in a greenhouse showed that the algorithm was able to ¯nd the crop row with an average error of less than 25 mm. The vehicle is a versatile design for an autonomous weeding robot in a research context. The result of the design has good potential for autonomous weeding in the near future.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationField and service robotics Results of the 5th International Conference, Heidelberg, Germany, 28-31 July 2005
EditorsPeter Corke, Salah Sukkarieh
Place of PublicationHeidelberg
ISBN (Print)9783540334521
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Event5th International Conference on Field and Service Robotics -
Duration: 28 Jul 200531 Jul 2005


Conference5th International Conference on Field and Service Robotics


  • Autonomous weeding robot
  • GPS
  • Intra-row weed control
  • Machine vision
  • Organic farming
  • Robotics
  • Systematic design


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