An app to quantify radiative heat loss from greenhouse crops

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Deploying a thermal screen in the night gives a significant reduction in radiative heat losses from the crop and heat losses of the greenhouse in general. The reduced radiative heat loss gives a smaller vertical temperature gradient in the crop. Deployment of a thermal screen results in increases in top-leaf temperatures of 1-2°C, which allows for a higher humidity set point without risk of wet leaves, even at higher humidity in the greenhouse. This increment in tolerance of humidity is the second contribution of thermal screens to energy saving. Both aspects of thermal screens have made increased screening one of the main pillars of “next-generation cultivation”, a term referring to growing strategies that reduce energy consumption while promoting crop production. In order to support knowledge on screens and to stimulate growers to apply the benefits of next-generation cultivation, an app was developed that quantifies the effect of screens on leaf temperature and transpiration. On top of that, the app computes the net radiation from the crop, a figure that has gained attention as more and more growers install net radiation sensors in their greenhouse. The effect of screens is, of course, dependent on the outside and inside climate conditions, the crop, the greenhouse covering material and the type of screens used. The app enables the user to select the screen and covering materials from a number of options and to select from a number of crops. Among the screens, a selection can be made from partly open shading screens to transparent energy screens and completely blocking blackout screens. Also, the effect of artificial light can be shown. The app solves the steady-state energy balance of the greenhouse to calculate the promptly presented output. With the output, a quick exploration of the effect of screens on radiative losses and crop vertical temperature profile can be made, to learn from this for practical use.

LanguageEnglish
Pages69-76
Number of pages8
JournalActa Horticulturae
Volume1227
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

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greenhouses
heat
crops
humidity
temperature profiles
growers
leaves
energy
energy balance
sensors (equipment)
crop production
transpiration
shade
temperature
screening
climate

Keywords

  • Air permeability
  • Dynamic greenhouse model
  • Energy saving
  • Thermal infrared transmission
  • Thermal screens

Cite this

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title = "An app to quantify radiative heat loss from greenhouse crops",
abstract = "Deploying a thermal screen in the night gives a significant reduction in radiative heat losses from the crop and heat losses of the greenhouse in general. The reduced radiative heat loss gives a smaller vertical temperature gradient in the crop. Deployment of a thermal screen results in increases in top-leaf temperatures of 1-2°C, which allows for a higher humidity set point without risk of wet leaves, even at higher humidity in the greenhouse. This increment in tolerance of humidity is the second contribution of thermal screens to energy saving. Both aspects of thermal screens have made increased screening one of the main pillars of “next-generation cultivation”, a term referring to growing strategies that reduce energy consumption while promoting crop production. In order to support knowledge on screens and to stimulate growers to apply the benefits of next-generation cultivation, an app was developed that quantifies the effect of screens on leaf temperature and transpiration. On top of that, the app computes the net radiation from the crop, a figure that has gained attention as more and more growers install net radiation sensors in their greenhouse. The effect of screens is, of course, dependent on the outside and inside climate conditions, the crop, the greenhouse covering material and the type of screens used. The app enables the user to select the screen and covering materials from a number of options and to select from a number of crops. Among the screens, a selection can be made from partly open shading screens to transparent energy screens and completely blocking blackout screens. Also, the effect of artificial light can be shown. The app solves the steady-state energy balance of the greenhouse to calculate the promptly presented output. With the output, a quick exploration of the effect of screens on radiative losses and crop vertical temperature profile can be made, to learn from this for practical use.",
keywords = "Air permeability, Dynamic greenhouse model, Energy saving, Thermal infrared transmission, Thermal screens",
author = "{de Zwart}, H.F. and {Baeza Romero}, E.J. and {van Breuge}, A.J. and V. Mohammadkhani",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
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language = "English",
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pages = "69--76",
journal = "Acta Horticulturae",
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An app to quantify radiative heat loss from greenhouse crops. / de Zwart, H.F.; Baeza Romero, E.J.; van Breuge, A.J.; Mohammadkhani, V.

In: Acta Horticulturae, Vol. 1227, 01.01.2018, p. 69-76.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - An app to quantify radiative heat loss from greenhouse crops

AU - de Zwart, H.F.

AU - Baeza Romero, E.J.

AU - van Breuge, A.J.

AU - Mohammadkhani, V.

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Deploying a thermal screen in the night gives a significant reduction in radiative heat losses from the crop and heat losses of the greenhouse in general. The reduced radiative heat loss gives a smaller vertical temperature gradient in the crop. Deployment of a thermal screen results in increases in top-leaf temperatures of 1-2°C, which allows for a higher humidity set point without risk of wet leaves, even at higher humidity in the greenhouse. This increment in tolerance of humidity is the second contribution of thermal screens to energy saving. Both aspects of thermal screens have made increased screening one of the main pillars of “next-generation cultivation”, a term referring to growing strategies that reduce energy consumption while promoting crop production. In order to support knowledge on screens and to stimulate growers to apply the benefits of next-generation cultivation, an app was developed that quantifies the effect of screens on leaf temperature and transpiration. On top of that, the app computes the net radiation from the crop, a figure that has gained attention as more and more growers install net radiation sensors in their greenhouse. The effect of screens is, of course, dependent on the outside and inside climate conditions, the crop, the greenhouse covering material and the type of screens used. The app enables the user to select the screen and covering materials from a number of options and to select from a number of crops. Among the screens, a selection can be made from partly open shading screens to transparent energy screens and completely blocking blackout screens. Also, the effect of artificial light can be shown. The app solves the steady-state energy balance of the greenhouse to calculate the promptly presented output. With the output, a quick exploration of the effect of screens on radiative losses and crop vertical temperature profile can be made, to learn from this for practical use.

AB - Deploying a thermal screen in the night gives a significant reduction in radiative heat losses from the crop and heat losses of the greenhouse in general. The reduced radiative heat loss gives a smaller vertical temperature gradient in the crop. Deployment of a thermal screen results in increases in top-leaf temperatures of 1-2°C, which allows for a higher humidity set point without risk of wet leaves, even at higher humidity in the greenhouse. This increment in tolerance of humidity is the second contribution of thermal screens to energy saving. Both aspects of thermal screens have made increased screening one of the main pillars of “next-generation cultivation”, a term referring to growing strategies that reduce energy consumption while promoting crop production. In order to support knowledge on screens and to stimulate growers to apply the benefits of next-generation cultivation, an app was developed that quantifies the effect of screens on leaf temperature and transpiration. On top of that, the app computes the net radiation from the crop, a figure that has gained attention as more and more growers install net radiation sensors in their greenhouse. The effect of screens is, of course, dependent on the outside and inside climate conditions, the crop, the greenhouse covering material and the type of screens used. The app enables the user to select the screen and covering materials from a number of options and to select from a number of crops. Among the screens, a selection can be made from partly open shading screens to transparent energy screens and completely blocking blackout screens. Also, the effect of artificial light can be shown. The app solves the steady-state energy balance of the greenhouse to calculate the promptly presented output. With the output, a quick exploration of the effect of screens on radiative losses and crop vertical temperature profile can be made, to learn from this for practical use.

KW - Air permeability

KW - Dynamic greenhouse model

KW - Energy saving

KW - Thermal infrared transmission

KW - Thermal screens

U2 - 10.17660/ActaHortic.2018.1227.8

DO - 10.17660/ActaHortic.2018.1227.8

M3 - Article

VL - 1227

SP - 69

EP - 76

JO - Acta Horticulturae

T2 - Acta Horticulturae

JF - Acta Horticulturae

SN - 0567-7572

ER -