Amplification of wildfire area burnt by hydrological drought in the humid tropics

Taufik Muh*, Paul J.J.F. Torfs, Remko Uijlenhoet, Philip D. Jones, Daniel Murdiyarso, Henny A.J. van Lanen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterAcademicpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Borneo's diverse ecosystems, which are typical humid tropical conditions, are deteriorating rapidly, as the area is experiencing recurrent large-scale wildfires, affecting atmospheric composition and influencing regional climate processes. Studies suggest that climate-driven drought regulates wildfires, but these overlook subsurface processes leading to hydrological drought, an important driver. Here, we show that models which include hydrological processes better predict area burnt than those solely based on climate data. We report that the Borneo landscape has experienced a substantial hydrological drying trend since the early twentieth century, leading to progressive tree mortality, more severe than in other tropical regions. This has caused massive wildfires in lowland Borneo during the past two decades, which we show are clustered in years with large areas of hydrological drought coinciding with strong El Niño events. Statistical modelling evidence shows amplifying wildfires and greater area burnt in response to El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) strength, when hydrology is considered. These results highlight the importance of considering hydrological drought for wildfire prediction, and we recommend that hydrology should be considered in future studies of the impact of projected ENSO strength, including effects on tropical ecosystems, and biodiversity conservation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)428-431
JournalNature Climate Change
Volume7
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

    Fingerprint

Cite this