Ambient characterization of synthetic fibers by laser ablation electrospray ionization mass spectrometry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Direct analysis of synthetic fibers under ambient
conditions is highly desired to identify the polymer, the finishes
applied and irregularities that may compromise its performance
and value. In this paper, laser ablation electrospray ionization
ion mobility time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LAESI-IMSTOF-
MS) was used for the analysis of synthetic polymers and
fibers. The key to this analysis was the absorption of laser light
by aliphatic and aromatic nitrogen functionalities in the
polymers. Analysis of polyamide (PA) 6, 46, 66, and 12 pellets
and PA 6, 66, polyaramid and M5 fibers yielded characteristic
fragment ions without any sample pretreatment, enabling their
unambiguous identification. Synthetic fibers are, in addition,
commonly covered with a surface layer for improved adhesion
and processing. The same setup, but operated in a transient infrared matrix-assisted laser desorption electrospray ionization (IRMALDESI)
mode, allowed the detailed characterization of the fiber finish layer and the underlying polymer. Differences in finish
layer distribution may cause variations in local properties of synthetic fibers. Here we also show the feasibility of mass
spectrometry imaging (MSI) of the distribution of a finish layer on the synthetic fiber and the successful detection of local surface
defects.
LanguageEnglish
Pages4031-4037
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume89
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Electrospray ionization
Synthetic fibers
Laser ablation
Mass spectrometry
Polymers
Fibers
Lasers
Laser modes
Desorption
Nitrogen
Ions
Infrared radiation
Imaging techniques
Processing
nylon 6

Cite this

@article{a1abce50dea14775b8c3db098a9b1cb9,
title = "Ambient characterization of synthetic fibers by laser ablation electrospray ionization mass spectrometry",
abstract = "Direct analysis of synthetic fibers under ambientconditions is highly desired to identify the polymer, the finishesapplied and irregularities that may compromise its performanceand value. In this paper, laser ablation electrospray ionizationion mobility time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LAESI-IMSTOF-MS) was used for the analysis of synthetic polymers andfibers. The key to this analysis was the absorption of laser lightby aliphatic and aromatic nitrogen functionalities in thepolymers. Analysis of polyamide (PA) 6, 46, 66, and 12 pelletsand PA 6, 66, polyaramid and M5 fibers yielded characteristicfragment ions without any sample pretreatment, enabling theirunambiguous identification. Synthetic fibers are, in addition,commonly covered with a surface layer for improved adhesionand processing. The same setup, but operated in a transient infrared matrix-assisted laser desorption electrospray ionization (IRMALDESI)mode, allowed the detailed characterization of the fiber finish layer and the underlying polymer. Differences in finishlayer distribution may cause variations in local properties of synthetic fibers. Here we also show the feasibility of massspectrometry imaging (MSI) of the distribution of a finish layer on the synthetic fiber and the successful detection of local surfacedefects.",
author = "{van Geenen}, F.A.M.G. and M.C.R. Franssen and A.H.M. Schotman and H. Zuilhof and M.W.F. Nielen",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1021/acs.analchem.6b04641",
language = "English",
volume = "89",
pages = "4031--4037",
journal = "Analytical Chemistry",
issn = "0003-2700",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",

}

Ambient characterization of synthetic fibers by laser ablation electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. / van Geenen, F.A.M.G.; Franssen, M.C.R.; Schotman, A.H.M.; Zuilhof, H.; Nielen, M.W.F.

In: Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 89, 2017, p. 4031-4037.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ambient characterization of synthetic fibers by laser ablation electrospray ionization mass spectrometry

AU - van Geenen, F.A.M.G.

AU - Franssen, M.C.R.

AU - Schotman, A.H.M.

AU - Zuilhof, H.

AU - Nielen, M.W.F.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Direct analysis of synthetic fibers under ambientconditions is highly desired to identify the polymer, the finishesapplied and irregularities that may compromise its performanceand value. In this paper, laser ablation electrospray ionizationion mobility time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LAESI-IMSTOF-MS) was used for the analysis of synthetic polymers andfibers. The key to this analysis was the absorption of laser lightby aliphatic and aromatic nitrogen functionalities in thepolymers. Analysis of polyamide (PA) 6, 46, 66, and 12 pelletsand PA 6, 66, polyaramid and M5 fibers yielded characteristicfragment ions without any sample pretreatment, enabling theirunambiguous identification. Synthetic fibers are, in addition,commonly covered with a surface layer for improved adhesionand processing. The same setup, but operated in a transient infrared matrix-assisted laser desorption electrospray ionization (IRMALDESI)mode, allowed the detailed characterization of the fiber finish layer and the underlying polymer. Differences in finishlayer distribution may cause variations in local properties of synthetic fibers. Here we also show the feasibility of massspectrometry imaging (MSI) of the distribution of a finish layer on the synthetic fiber and the successful detection of local surfacedefects.

AB - Direct analysis of synthetic fibers under ambientconditions is highly desired to identify the polymer, the finishesapplied and irregularities that may compromise its performanceand value. In this paper, laser ablation electrospray ionizationion mobility time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LAESI-IMSTOF-MS) was used for the analysis of synthetic polymers andfibers. The key to this analysis was the absorption of laser lightby aliphatic and aromatic nitrogen functionalities in thepolymers. Analysis of polyamide (PA) 6, 46, 66, and 12 pelletsand PA 6, 66, polyaramid and M5 fibers yielded characteristicfragment ions without any sample pretreatment, enabling theirunambiguous identification. Synthetic fibers are, in addition,commonly covered with a surface layer for improved adhesionand processing. The same setup, but operated in a transient infrared matrix-assisted laser desorption electrospray ionization (IRMALDESI)mode, allowed the detailed characterization of the fiber finish layer and the underlying polymer. Differences in finishlayer distribution may cause variations in local properties of synthetic fibers. Here we also show the feasibility of massspectrometry imaging (MSI) of the distribution of a finish layer on the synthetic fiber and the successful detection of local surfacedefects.

U2 - 10.1021/acs.analchem.6b04641

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