Alternative Somatic Cell Count Traits as Mastitis Indicators for Genetic Selection

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to define alternative traits of somatic cell count (SCC) that can be used to decrease genetic susceptibility to clinical and subclinical mastitis (CM and SCM, respectively). Three kinds of SCC traits were evaluated: 1) lactation-averages of SCC, 2) traits derived from the proportion of test-day SCC above 150,000 cells/mL, and 3) patterns of peaks in SCC. Genetic parameters for these SCC traits and their genetic correlation with CM and SCM were estimated; CM and SCM were scored as binary traits. Two data sets (A and B) depending on CM recording were available. After editing, subset A contained 28,688 lactations from 21,673 cows in 394 herds. Subset B contained 56,726 lactations of 30,145 cows in 272 herds. Variance components for sire and permanent animal effects were estimated. Estimated heritabilities for all mastitis traits were around 0.03. Heritabilities for SCC traits ranged from 0.01 for patterns of peaks in SCC to 0.13 for lactation-average SCC. Genetic correlations between SCC traits and CM or SCM ranged from 0.55 to 0.93 for CM and from 0.55 to 0.98 for SCM. High genetic correlations were estimated between CM and SCC averaged over 250 d in milk (0.87), and between SCM and presence of test-day SCC >150,000 cells/mL (0.98) in subset A. In subset B, a high genetic correlation was estimated between CM and an SCC peak with a quick recovery (0.93) and between SCM and SCC averaged between 151 and 400 d (0.95). Partial genetic correlations were calculated to investigate the additional information of the alternative SCC traits, compared with lactation-average SCC. They showed that some traits remain informative for CM and others for SCM. Therefore, use of information from a combination of different SCC traits may be more successful in improving overall udder health than the traditional single SCC measure.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2501-2511
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Volume91
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Fingerprint

Mastitis
Genetic Selection
somatic cell count
mastitis
Cell Count
Lactation
genetic correlation
lactation
heritability
herds
cows
Animal Mammary Glands
Genetic Predisposition to Disease

Keywords

  • escherichia-coli mastitis
  • clinical mastitis
  • intramammary infections
  • dairy-cows
  • milk
  • associations
  • cattle
  • parameters
  • patterns
  • herds

Cite this

@article{a10156b2976e449091cde6b7b7425999,
title = "Alternative Somatic Cell Count Traits as Mastitis Indicators for Genetic Selection",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to define alternative traits of somatic cell count (SCC) that can be used to decrease genetic susceptibility to clinical and subclinical mastitis (CM and SCM, respectively). Three kinds of SCC traits were evaluated: 1) lactation-averages of SCC, 2) traits derived from the proportion of test-day SCC above 150,000 cells/mL, and 3) patterns of peaks in SCC. Genetic parameters for these SCC traits and their genetic correlation with CM and SCM were estimated; CM and SCM were scored as binary traits. Two data sets (A and B) depending on CM recording were available. After editing, subset A contained 28,688 lactations from 21,673 cows in 394 herds. Subset B contained 56,726 lactations of 30,145 cows in 272 herds. Variance components for sire and permanent animal effects were estimated. Estimated heritabilities for all mastitis traits were around 0.03. Heritabilities for SCC traits ranged from 0.01 for patterns of peaks in SCC to 0.13 for lactation-average SCC. Genetic correlations between SCC traits and CM or SCM ranged from 0.55 to 0.93 for CM and from 0.55 to 0.98 for SCM. High genetic correlations were estimated between CM and SCC averaged over 250 d in milk (0.87), and between SCM and presence of test-day SCC >150,000 cells/mL (0.98) in subset A. In subset B, a high genetic correlation was estimated between CM and an SCC peak with a quick recovery (0.93) and between SCM and SCC averaged between 151 and 400 d (0.95). Partial genetic correlations were calculated to investigate the additional information of the alternative SCC traits, compared with lactation-average SCC. They showed that some traits remain informative for CM and others for SCM. Therefore, use of information from a combination of different SCC traits may be more successful in improving overall udder health than the traditional single SCC measure.",
keywords = "escherichia-coli mastitis, clinical mastitis, intramammary infections, dairy-cows, milk, associations, cattle, parameters, patterns, herds",
author = "{de Haas}, Y. and W. Ouweltjes and {ten Napel}, J. and J.J. Windig and {de Jong}, G.",
year = "2008",
doi = "10.3168/jds.2007-0459",
language = "English",
volume = "91",
pages = "2501--2511",
journal = "Journal of Dairy Science",
issn = "0022-0302",
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}

Alternative Somatic Cell Count Traits as Mastitis Indicators for Genetic Selection. / de Haas, Y.; Ouweltjes, W.; ten Napel, J.; Windig, J.J.; de Jong, G.

In: Journal of Dairy Science, Vol. 91, No. 6, 2008, p. 2501-2511.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Alternative Somatic Cell Count Traits as Mastitis Indicators for Genetic Selection

AU - de Haas, Y.

AU - Ouweltjes, W.

AU - ten Napel, J.

AU - Windig, J.J.

AU - de Jong, G.

PY - 2008

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N2 - The aim of this study was to define alternative traits of somatic cell count (SCC) that can be used to decrease genetic susceptibility to clinical and subclinical mastitis (CM and SCM, respectively). Three kinds of SCC traits were evaluated: 1) lactation-averages of SCC, 2) traits derived from the proportion of test-day SCC above 150,000 cells/mL, and 3) patterns of peaks in SCC. Genetic parameters for these SCC traits and their genetic correlation with CM and SCM were estimated; CM and SCM were scored as binary traits. Two data sets (A and B) depending on CM recording were available. After editing, subset A contained 28,688 lactations from 21,673 cows in 394 herds. Subset B contained 56,726 lactations of 30,145 cows in 272 herds. Variance components for sire and permanent animal effects were estimated. Estimated heritabilities for all mastitis traits were around 0.03. Heritabilities for SCC traits ranged from 0.01 for patterns of peaks in SCC to 0.13 for lactation-average SCC. Genetic correlations between SCC traits and CM or SCM ranged from 0.55 to 0.93 for CM and from 0.55 to 0.98 for SCM. High genetic correlations were estimated between CM and SCC averaged over 250 d in milk (0.87), and between SCM and presence of test-day SCC >150,000 cells/mL (0.98) in subset A. In subset B, a high genetic correlation was estimated between CM and an SCC peak with a quick recovery (0.93) and between SCM and SCC averaged between 151 and 400 d (0.95). Partial genetic correlations were calculated to investigate the additional information of the alternative SCC traits, compared with lactation-average SCC. They showed that some traits remain informative for CM and others for SCM. Therefore, use of information from a combination of different SCC traits may be more successful in improving overall udder health than the traditional single SCC measure.

AB - The aim of this study was to define alternative traits of somatic cell count (SCC) that can be used to decrease genetic susceptibility to clinical and subclinical mastitis (CM and SCM, respectively). Three kinds of SCC traits were evaluated: 1) lactation-averages of SCC, 2) traits derived from the proportion of test-day SCC above 150,000 cells/mL, and 3) patterns of peaks in SCC. Genetic parameters for these SCC traits and their genetic correlation with CM and SCM were estimated; CM and SCM were scored as binary traits. Two data sets (A and B) depending on CM recording were available. After editing, subset A contained 28,688 lactations from 21,673 cows in 394 herds. Subset B contained 56,726 lactations of 30,145 cows in 272 herds. Variance components for sire and permanent animal effects were estimated. Estimated heritabilities for all mastitis traits were around 0.03. Heritabilities for SCC traits ranged from 0.01 for patterns of peaks in SCC to 0.13 for lactation-average SCC. Genetic correlations between SCC traits and CM or SCM ranged from 0.55 to 0.93 for CM and from 0.55 to 0.98 for SCM. High genetic correlations were estimated between CM and SCC averaged over 250 d in milk (0.87), and between SCM and presence of test-day SCC >150,000 cells/mL (0.98) in subset A. In subset B, a high genetic correlation was estimated between CM and an SCC peak with a quick recovery (0.93) and between SCM and SCC averaged between 151 and 400 d (0.95). Partial genetic correlations were calculated to investigate the additional information of the alternative SCC traits, compared with lactation-average SCC. They showed that some traits remain informative for CM and others for SCM. Therefore, use of information from a combination of different SCC traits may be more successful in improving overall udder health than the traditional single SCC measure.

KW - escherichia-coli mastitis

KW - clinical mastitis

KW - intramammary infections

KW - dairy-cows

KW - milk

KW - associations

KW - cattle

KW - parameters

KW - patterns

KW - herds

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