Alternative methods to control Phytophthora cactorum in strawberry cultivated in soilless growing media

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Phytophthora cactorum is an important threat in strawberry propagation and production. No reliable non-chemical control measures are available. Therefore different control strategies were tested. Spread of pathogen infection can be reduced by disinfection of the irrigation water. Slow sand filtration effectively removed P. cactorum from drain water, i.e., disease severity in strawberry plants was reduced with 45 to 65% and rhododendron baits showed a 95-100% reduction of P. cactorum after the drain water had passed the sand filter. However, upstream movement of P. cactorum was detected within the unit. A complementary strategy to reduce the damage caused by P. cactorum is to enhance disease suppressive properties of the soilless substrate. Pasteurization of the substrate mixtures showed increased levels of disease, indicating that biological factors might play a role in disease suppression. Antagonistic bacteria inhibiting growth of P. cactorum were present in roots, rhizosphere as well as in the crown. However, compost amendment or other additions did not elevate suppressiveness. Further experiments were performed where different beneficial microorganisms and/or elicitors were added. The most promising treatments were salicylic acid, followed by inoculation with the endophytic fungus Acremonium strictum and growing Lepidium sativum previous to the crop
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the VIII International Symposium on Chemical and Non-Chemical Soil and Substrate Disinfestation
EditorsM.L. Gullino, M. Pugliese, J. Katan
Place of PublicationLeuven
PublisherISHS
Pages337-342
Volume1044
ISBN (Print)9789462610255
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventVIII International Symposium on Chemical and Non-Chemical Soil and Substrate Disinfestation, Turin, Italy -
Duration: 18 Jul 2014 → …

Conference

ConferenceVIII International Symposium on Chemical and Non-Chemical Soil and Substrate Disinfestation, Turin, Italy
Period18/07/14 → …

Fingerprint

Phytophthora cactorum
growing media
strawberries
drainage water
Acremonium strictum
methodology
sand
Lepidium sativum
beneficial microorganisms
Rhododendron
pasteurization
disinfection
salicylic acid
baits
disease severity
composts
irrigation water
control methods
rhizosphere
disease control

Cite this

Evenhuis, B., Nijhuis, E. H., Lamers, J. G., Verhoeven, J. T. W., & Postma, J. (2014). Alternative methods to control Phytophthora cactorum in strawberry cultivated in soilless growing media. In M. L. Gullino, M. Pugliese, & J. Katan (Eds.), Proceedings of the VIII International Symposium on Chemical and Non-Chemical Soil and Substrate Disinfestation (Vol. 1044, pp. 337-342). Leuven: ISHS.
Evenhuis, B. ; Nijhuis, E.H. ; Lamers, J.G. ; Verhoeven, J.T.W. ; Postma, J. / Alternative methods to control Phytophthora cactorum in strawberry cultivated in soilless growing media. Proceedings of the VIII International Symposium on Chemical and Non-Chemical Soil and Substrate Disinfestation. editor / M.L. Gullino ; M. Pugliese ; J. Katan. Vol. 1044 Leuven : ISHS, 2014. pp. 337-342
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abstract = "Phytophthora cactorum is an important threat in strawberry propagation and production. No reliable non-chemical control measures are available. Therefore different control strategies were tested. Spread of pathogen infection can be reduced by disinfection of the irrigation water. Slow sand filtration effectively removed P. cactorum from drain water, i.e., disease severity in strawberry plants was reduced with 45 to 65{\%} and rhododendron baits showed a 95-100{\%} reduction of P. cactorum after the drain water had passed the sand filter. However, upstream movement of P. cactorum was detected within the unit. A complementary strategy to reduce the damage caused by P. cactorum is to enhance disease suppressive properties of the soilless substrate. Pasteurization of the substrate mixtures showed increased levels of disease, indicating that biological factors might play a role in disease suppression. Antagonistic bacteria inhibiting growth of P. cactorum were present in roots, rhizosphere as well as in the crown. However, compost amendment or other additions did not elevate suppressiveness. Further experiments were performed where different beneficial microorganisms and/or elicitors were added. The most promising treatments were salicylic acid, followed by inoculation with the endophytic fungus Acremonium strictum and growing Lepidium sativum previous to the crop",
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Evenhuis, B, Nijhuis, EH, Lamers, JG, Verhoeven, JTW & Postma, J 2014, Alternative methods to control Phytophthora cactorum in strawberry cultivated in soilless growing media. in ML Gullino, M Pugliese & J Katan (eds), Proceedings of the VIII International Symposium on Chemical and Non-Chemical Soil and Substrate Disinfestation. vol. 1044, ISHS, Leuven, pp. 337-342, VIII International Symposium on Chemical and Non-Chemical Soil and Substrate Disinfestation, Turin, Italy, 18/07/14.

Alternative methods to control Phytophthora cactorum in strawberry cultivated in soilless growing media. / Evenhuis, B.; Nijhuis, E.H.; Lamers, J.G.; Verhoeven, J.T.W.; Postma, J.

Proceedings of the VIII International Symposium on Chemical and Non-Chemical Soil and Substrate Disinfestation. ed. / M.L. Gullino; M. Pugliese; J. Katan. Vol. 1044 Leuven : ISHS, 2014. p. 337-342.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperAcademicpeer-review

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N2 - Phytophthora cactorum is an important threat in strawberry propagation and production. No reliable non-chemical control measures are available. Therefore different control strategies were tested. Spread of pathogen infection can be reduced by disinfection of the irrigation water. Slow sand filtration effectively removed P. cactorum from drain water, i.e., disease severity in strawberry plants was reduced with 45 to 65% and rhododendron baits showed a 95-100% reduction of P. cactorum after the drain water had passed the sand filter. However, upstream movement of P. cactorum was detected within the unit. A complementary strategy to reduce the damage caused by P. cactorum is to enhance disease suppressive properties of the soilless substrate. Pasteurization of the substrate mixtures showed increased levels of disease, indicating that biological factors might play a role in disease suppression. Antagonistic bacteria inhibiting growth of P. cactorum were present in roots, rhizosphere as well as in the crown. However, compost amendment or other additions did not elevate suppressiveness. Further experiments were performed where different beneficial microorganisms and/or elicitors were added. The most promising treatments were salicylic acid, followed by inoculation with the endophytic fungus Acremonium strictum and growing Lepidium sativum previous to the crop

AB - Phytophthora cactorum is an important threat in strawberry propagation and production. No reliable non-chemical control measures are available. Therefore different control strategies were tested. Spread of pathogen infection can be reduced by disinfection of the irrigation water. Slow sand filtration effectively removed P. cactorum from drain water, i.e., disease severity in strawberry plants was reduced with 45 to 65% and rhododendron baits showed a 95-100% reduction of P. cactorum after the drain water had passed the sand filter. However, upstream movement of P. cactorum was detected within the unit. A complementary strategy to reduce the damage caused by P. cactorum is to enhance disease suppressive properties of the soilless substrate. Pasteurization of the substrate mixtures showed increased levels of disease, indicating that biological factors might play a role in disease suppression. Antagonistic bacteria inhibiting growth of P. cactorum were present in roots, rhizosphere as well as in the crown. However, compost amendment or other additions did not elevate suppressiveness. Further experiments were performed where different beneficial microorganisms and/or elicitors were added. The most promising treatments were salicylic acid, followed by inoculation with the endophytic fungus Acremonium strictum and growing Lepidium sativum previous to the crop

M3 - Conference paper

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A2 - Katan, J.

PB - ISHS

CY - Leuven

ER -

Evenhuis B, Nijhuis EH, Lamers JG, Verhoeven JTW, Postma J. Alternative methods to control Phytophthora cactorum in strawberry cultivated in soilless growing media. In Gullino ML, Pugliese M, Katan J, editors, Proceedings of the VIII International Symposium on Chemical and Non-Chemical Soil and Substrate Disinfestation. Vol. 1044. Leuven: ISHS. 2014. p. 337-342