Alternative fatty simulants and diffusion kinetics of nylon 12 food packaging

N.H. Stoffers, M. Dekker, J.P.H. Linssen, A. Stoermer, R. Franz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


The migration of laurolactam and cyclic di- and trimer of nylon 12 was assessed using three different films and five food simulants (olive oil, isooctane, 95% ethanol, 50% ethanol, water). Substitute test conditions for migration into olive oil according to European Union Directive EC/97/48 were applied using 95% ethanol and isooctane. Results showed that 95% ethanol overestimated while isooctane underestimated the respective migration into olive oil. Water was the best olive oil substitute, as migration of laurolactam into water and olive oil using the same temperature gave similar results. Additionally, diffusion kinetics of laurolactam were investigated by migration kinetic studies using isooctane and olive oil. Diffusion coefficients determined with isooctane were significantly higher than those found using olive oil. It was proved that isooctane had an interaction and olive oil was inert to the polymer. The diffusion conductance parameter, A p , for nylon 12 determined using olive oil ranged from 0.3 to 0.6.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)949-959
Number of pages11
JournalFood Additives and Contaminants
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2003


  • polymer additive migration
  • roasting bags
  • olive oil
  • migrants
  • models
  • water
  • microwave
  • plastics
  • films


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