The removal of pathogens from effluents is important to promote the reuse of these water resources and safeguarding human health, especially in water scarce areas worldwide. Previously a proof-of-principle of a method for water disinfection consisting of fluidized bed electrodes (FBE) with RX3 EXTRA granular activated carbon (GAC) and a low strength alternating electric field (AC field) in radio frequency range (80–200 kHz) was published. In the study presented here we investigated the mechanistic role of 10 different types of GAC in radio frequency FBE disinfection with Escherichiacoli YMc10 as the model microorganism. The disinfection performances with only GAC, and GAC combined with an AC field were quantified. Seven GACs showed poor to intermediate and three GACs (Norit RB3 (2.7 Log CFU E. coli decrease), Sorbonorit 3 (2.8 Log CFU E. coli decrease) and RX3 EXTRA (3.4 Log CFU E. coli decrease)) showed substantial disinfection in FBE. The results suggest a relation between the pHpzc of the GAC and the disinfection performance. Disinfection performance increased with bigger particle size and decreasing conductivity of tested GACs. We conclude that these physico-chemical and physical properties of GAC are important factors controlling the disinfection performance of these type FBE systems.
- 3-dimensional electrodes
Racyte, J., Yntema, D. R., Kazlauskaite, L., DuBois, A., Bruning, H., & Rijnaarts, H. H. M. (2014). Alternating electric field fluidized bed disinfection performance with different types of granular activated carbon. Separation and Purification Technology, 132, 70-76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2014.05.002