Alternate wetting and drying for different subsurface drainage systems to improve paddy yield and water productivity in Iran

Abdullah Darzi-Naftchali*, Henk Ritzema, Fatemeh Karandish, Ali Mokhtassi-Bidgoli, Mohammad Ghasemi-Nasr

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Alternate wetting and drying (AWD) irrigation for different subsurface drainage systems was tested in an experimental paddy field in Sari, Mazandaran Province, Iran. During two growing seasons in 2014 and 2015, two local rice cultivars (Daylamani and Hashemi) were tested for four combinations of subsurface drainage systems with 15 and 30 m drain spacing, and 0.65 and 0.90 m drain depths and compared to a control plot with only surface drains with a depth of 1.2 m. Subsurface drainage improved water use efficiency of the Hashemi (17.9–1.8%) and Daylamani (1.4–15.4%) cultivars compared with the surface drainage in the control plot. Under subsurface drainage conditions, Hashemi, with an overall crop yield of 5392 kg ha−1, performed better than Daylamani, with an overall crop yield of 5010 kg ha−1. These yields were considerably higher than the corresponding yields in the control plot, 4405 kg ha−1 for Hashemi and 4972 kg ha−1 for Daylamani. Of the subsurface drainage systems, the drain depth/spacing combination D0.90/L30 m performed better than the others. No significant difference in the irrigation application efficiency was found between subsurface and surface drained plots. The results showed that subsurface drainage practices in combination with AWD can be an effective strategy to improve land and water productivity in paddy fields if an appropriate drying period is selected by considering drought tolerance of different cultivars.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-231
JournalAgricultural Water Management
Volume193
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Grain protein
  • Irrigation efficiency
  • Leaf area index
  • Rice yield
  • Water productivity

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