Akkermansia muciniphila Exerts Lipid-Lowering and Immunomodulatory Effects without Affecting Neointima Formation in Hyperlipidemic APOE*3-Leiden.CETP Mice

Saeed Katiraei, Margreet R. de Vries, Alice H. Costain, Kathrin Thiem, Lisa R. Hoving, Janna A. van Diepen, Hermelijn H. Smits, Kristien E. Bouter, Patrick C.N. Rensen, Paul H.A. Quax, Max Nieuwdorp, Mihai G. Netea, Willem M. de Vos, Patrice D. Cani, Clara Belzer, Ko Willems van Dijk*, Jimmy F.P. Berbée, Vanessa van Harmelen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Scope: Akkermansia muciniphila (A. muciniphila) is an intestinal commensal with anti-inflammatory properties both in the intestine and other organs. The aim is to investigate the effects of oral administration of A. muciniphila on lipid metabolism, immunity, and cuff-induced neointima formation in hyperlipidemic APOE*3-Leiden (E3L).CETP mice. Methods and results: Hyperlipidemic male E3L.CETP mice are daily treated with 2 × 108 CFU A. muciniphila by oral gavage for 4 weeks and the effects are determined on plasma lipid levels, immune parameters, and cuff-induced neointima formation and composition. A. muciniphila administration lowers body weight and plasma total cholesterol and triglycerides levels. A. muciniphila influences the immune cell composition in mesenteric lymph nodes, as evident from an increased total B cell population, while reducing the total T cell and neutrophil populations. Importantly, A. muciniphila reduces the expression of the activation markers MHCII on dendritic cells and CD86 on B cells. A. muciniphila also increases whole blood ex vivo lipopolysaccharide-stimulated IL-10 release. Finally, although treatment with A. muciniphila improves lipid metabolism and immunity, it does not affect neointima formation or composition. Conclusions: Four weeks of treatment with A. muciniphila exerts lipid-lowering and immunomodulatory effects, which are insufficient to inhibit neointima formation in hyperlipidemic E3L.CETP mice.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1900732
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Nutrition and Food Research
Volume64
Issue number15
Early online date6 Aug 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Akkermansia muciniphila
  • atherosclerosis
  • immunity
  • lipid metabolism
  • mesenteric lymph nodes

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Akkermansia muciniphila Exerts Lipid-Lowering and Immunomodulatory Effects without Affecting Neointima Formation in Hyperlipidemic APOE*3-Leiden.CETP Mice'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this