Airborne pariculate matter from livestock production systems: A review of an air pollution problem

M. Cambra-Lopez, A.J.A. Aarnink, Y. Zhao, S. Calvet, A.G. Torres

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

261 Citations (Scopus)


Livestock housing is an important source of emissions of particulate matter (PM). High concentrations of PM can threaten the environment, as well as the health and welfare of humans and animals. Particulate matter in livestock houses is mainly coarse, primary in origin, and organic; it can adsorb and contain gases, odorous compounds, and micro-organisms, which can enhance its biological effect. Levels of PM in livestock houses are high, influenced by kind of housing and feeding, animal type, and environmental factors. Improved knowledge on particle morphology, primarily size, composition, levels, and the factors influencing these can be useful to identify and quantify sources of PM more accurately, to evaluate their effects, and to propose adequate abatement strategies in livestock houses. This paper reviews the state-of-the-art of PM in and from livestock production systems. Future research to characterize and control PM in livestock houses is discussed. Control of particulate matter emissions, a major challenge to modern livestock production.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-17
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • swine confinement buildings
  • space-charge system
  • dust concentration distribution
  • dose-response relationships
  • particle-size distribution
  • volatile organic-compounds
  • ventilated broiler houses
  • lung-function
  • respiratory symptoms
  • source apportionment


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