The Krakow panel study was performed as part of the Pollution Effects on Asthmatic Children in Europe (PEACE) project. The aim of the study was to examine the acute effects of short-term changes in air pollution on symptomatic children. Krakow served as the urban area and Rabka, a small health resort 70 km south of Krakow, as the control area. In the first stage, two panels of children (86 from urban and 80 from control area) were selected according to relevant answers to a screening questionnaire. For 12 winter weeks a diary study was performed. Children measured their peak expiratory flow twice a day and made notes on respiratory signs and symptoms, as well as on medication use. Monitoring stations collected data on air pollution in both areas for the same 12 weeks. Multivariate regression models did not show a consistent relationship between air pollution and peak expiratory flow or with respiratory symptom prevalence or incidence. No effect of air pollution could be established.
|Journal||European Respiratory Review|
|Publication status||Published - 1998|