Agrobiodiversity Index scores show agrobiodiversity is underutilized in national food systems

Sarah K. Jones*, Natalia Estrada-Carmona, Stella D. Juventia, Ehsan Dulloo, Marie-Angelique Laporte, Chiara Villani, Roseline Remans

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


The diversity of plants, animals and microorganisms that directly or indirectly support food and agriculture is critical to achieving healthy diets and agroecosystems. Here we present the Agrobiodiversity Index (based on 22 indicators), which provides a monitoring framework and informs food systems policy. Agrobiodiversity Index calculations for 80 countries reveal a moderate mean agrobiodiversity status score (56.0 out of 100), a moderate mean agrobiodiversity action score (47.8 out of 100) and a low mean agrobiodiversity commitment score (21.4 out of 100), indicating that much stronger commitments and concrete actions are needed to enhance agrobiodiversity across the food system. Mean agrobiodiversity status scores in consumption and conservation are 14–82% higher in developed countries than in developing countries, while scores in production are consistently low across least developed, developing and developed countries. We also found an absence of globally consistent data for several important components of agrobiodiversity, including varietal, functional and underutilized species diversity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)712-723
JournalNature Food
Issue number9
Early online date6 Sept 2021
Publication statusPublished - 2021


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