Agricultural vehicles and sustainable safe road traffic: solving conflicts on arterial highways

C.F. Jaarsma, H. Botma, R.G.H. van Ark, G.P.A. Willems

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Addressing the issues of traffic safety in rural areas presents a constant challenge. The mix of light and heavy vehicles and the considerable differences in speed among these traffic participants result in high risks and delays for the faster vehicles. Agricultural vehicles (AVs) in particular have such an impact on traffic, especially when using arterial highways. This paper reviews the problems of safety and delays that AVs cause on arterial highways, and the appropriate mitigation. The concept of 'sustainable safety' in The Netherlands focuses on these problems, because of the proposed construction of parallel roads alongside all arterial highways. However, Dutch accident statistics cannot justify the high costs for the construction of parallel roads alongside 7000 km of arterial highways. Delays experienced by fast traffic are another reason for separating AVs from other road users with parallel roads. Alternative measures alongside the arterial highway, such as passing bays, restricting AVs to travelling at off-peak only and improving the conspicuity of the AVs, may be more cost-effective ways of reducing delays and/or improving traffic safety on arterial highways. Another solution may be to eliminate the need for AVs to use the arterial highway by altering their routes. For this purpose, land reallocation projects (as practised in Holland) can provide a useful tool.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)471-488
JournalTransport Reviews
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2003


  • traffic safety
  • transport
  • rural roads
  • tractors
  • vehicles
  • traffic patterns

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