Agricultural policies exacerbate honeybee pollination service supply-demand mismatches across Europe

T. Breeze, B.E. Vaissiere, R. Bommarco, T. Petanidou, N. Seraphides, L. Kozak, J.A. Scheper, J.C. Biesmeijer, D. Kleijn, S. Gyldenkaerne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

111 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Declines in insect pollinators across Europe have raised concerns about the supply of pollination services to agriculture. Simultaneously, EU agricultural and biofuel policies have encouraged substantial growth in the cultivated area of insect pollinated crops across the continent. Using data from 41 European countries, this study demonstrates that the recommended number of honeybees required to provide crop pollination across Europe has risen 4.9 times as fast as honeybee stocks between 2005 and 2010. Consequently, honeybee stocks were insufficient to supply >90% of demands in 22 countries studied. These findings raise concerns about the capacity of many countries to cope with major losses of wild pollinators and highlight numerous critical gaps in current understanding of pollination service supplies and demands, pointing to a pressing need for further research into this issue.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere82996
Number of pages8
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • ecosystem services
  • fruit-set
  • sequential introduction
  • bee abundance
  • declines
  • crops
  • colonies
  • density
  • enhance
  • biodiversity

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  • Projects

    Liberation (KB-14-002-044)

    Kleijn, D.

    1/01/1431/12/14

    Project: EZproject

    Cite this

    Breeze, T., Vaissiere, B. E., Bommarco, R., Petanidou, T., Seraphides, N., Kozak, L., Scheper, J. A., Biesmeijer, J. C., Kleijn, D., & Gyldenkaerne, S. (2014). Agricultural policies exacerbate honeybee pollination service supply-demand mismatches across Europe. PLoS ONE, 9(1), [e82996]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082996