Agricultural management affects earthworm and termite diversity across humid to semi-arid tropical zones

F.O. Ayuke, M.M. Pulleman, B. Vanlauwe, R.G.M. de Goede, J. Six, C. Csuzdi, L. Brussaard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Earthworm and termite diversity were studied in 12 long-term agricultural field trials across the sub-humid to semi-arid tropical zones of Eastern and Western Africa. In each trial, treatments with high and low soil organic C were chosen to represent contrasts in long-term soil management effects, including tillage intensity, organic matter and nutrient management and crop rotations. For each trial, a fallow representing a relatively undisturbed reference was also sampled. Earthworm taxonomic richness decreased in the direction fallow > high-C soil > low-C soil and earthworm abundance was higher in fallow than under continuous crop production. Termite abundance was not significantly different between fallow and high and low-C treatments and termite taxonomic richness was higher in fallow soil than in the two cropping systems. We concluded that fewer species of earthworms and termites were favored under agricultural management that led to lower soil C. Results indicated that the soil disturbance induced by continuous crop production was more detrimental to earthworms than to termites, when compared to the fallow.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148-154
JournalAgriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
Volume140
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

agricultural management
termite
earthworms
fallow
Isoptera
earthworm
tropics
soil
crop production
soil management
nutrient management
crop rotation
Eastern Africa
Western Africa
organic soils
organic soil
tillage
cropping systems
cropping practice
field experimentation

Keywords

  • organic-matter dynamics
  • southern cameroon
  • soil macrofauna
  • west-africa
  • tillage
  • populations
  • system
  • forest
  • agroecosystems
  • communities

Cite this

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title = "Agricultural management affects earthworm and termite diversity across humid to semi-arid tropical zones",
abstract = "Earthworm and termite diversity were studied in 12 long-term agricultural field trials across the sub-humid to semi-arid tropical zones of Eastern and Western Africa. In each trial, treatments with high and low soil organic C were chosen to represent contrasts in long-term soil management effects, including tillage intensity, organic matter and nutrient management and crop rotations. For each trial, a fallow representing a relatively undisturbed reference was also sampled. Earthworm taxonomic richness decreased in the direction fallow > high-C soil > low-C soil and earthworm abundance was higher in fallow than under continuous crop production. Termite abundance was not significantly different between fallow and high and low-C treatments and termite taxonomic richness was higher in fallow soil than in the two cropping systems. We concluded that fewer species of earthworms and termites were favored under agricultural management that led to lower soil C. Results indicated that the soil disturbance induced by continuous crop production was more detrimental to earthworms than to termites, when compared to the fallow.",
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author = "F.O. Ayuke and M.M. Pulleman and B. Vanlauwe and {de Goede}, R.G.M. and J. Six and C. Csuzdi and L. Brussaard",
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doi = "10.1016/j.agee.2010.11.021",
language = "English",
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pages = "148--154",
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Agricultural management affects earthworm and termite diversity across humid to semi-arid tropical zones. / Ayuke, F.O.; Pulleman, M.M.; Vanlauwe, B.; de Goede, R.G.M.; Six, J.; Csuzdi, C.; Brussaard, L.

In: Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, Vol. 140, No. 1-2, 2011, p. 148-154.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Agricultural management affects earthworm and termite diversity across humid to semi-arid tropical zones

AU - Ayuke, F.O.

AU - Pulleman, M.M.

AU - Vanlauwe, B.

AU - de Goede, R.G.M.

AU - Six, J.

AU - Csuzdi, C.

AU - Brussaard, L.

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Earthworm and termite diversity were studied in 12 long-term agricultural field trials across the sub-humid to semi-arid tropical zones of Eastern and Western Africa. In each trial, treatments with high and low soil organic C were chosen to represent contrasts in long-term soil management effects, including tillage intensity, organic matter and nutrient management and crop rotations. For each trial, a fallow representing a relatively undisturbed reference was also sampled. Earthworm taxonomic richness decreased in the direction fallow > high-C soil > low-C soil and earthworm abundance was higher in fallow than under continuous crop production. Termite abundance was not significantly different between fallow and high and low-C treatments and termite taxonomic richness was higher in fallow soil than in the two cropping systems. We concluded that fewer species of earthworms and termites were favored under agricultural management that led to lower soil C. Results indicated that the soil disturbance induced by continuous crop production was more detrimental to earthworms than to termites, when compared to the fallow.

AB - Earthworm and termite diversity were studied in 12 long-term agricultural field trials across the sub-humid to semi-arid tropical zones of Eastern and Western Africa. In each trial, treatments with high and low soil organic C were chosen to represent contrasts in long-term soil management effects, including tillage intensity, organic matter and nutrient management and crop rotations. For each trial, a fallow representing a relatively undisturbed reference was also sampled. Earthworm taxonomic richness decreased in the direction fallow > high-C soil > low-C soil and earthworm abundance was higher in fallow than under continuous crop production. Termite abundance was not significantly different between fallow and high and low-C treatments and termite taxonomic richness was higher in fallow soil than in the two cropping systems. We concluded that fewer species of earthworms and termites were favored under agricultural management that led to lower soil C. Results indicated that the soil disturbance induced by continuous crop production was more detrimental to earthworms than to termites, when compared to the fallow.

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KW - southern cameroon

KW - soil macrofauna

KW - west-africa

KW - tillage

KW - populations

KW - system

KW - forest

KW - agroecosystems

KW - communities

U2 - 10.1016/j.agee.2010.11.021

DO - 10.1016/j.agee.2010.11.021

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JO - Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment

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SN - 0167-8809

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