Aetiology and progression of cancer: Role of body fatness, physical activity, diet, and other lifestyle factors

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Abstract

Worldwide, there is a large difference in cancer rates. These rates may change over generations when people move from one part of the world to another. This occurs because these generations adapt their lifestyle to that of the host country, indicating that lifestyle factors are important in the aetiology of cancer. In this chapter an overview of established associations between body fatness, physical activity, diet, and other lifestyle factors and the development of cancer is given. About one-third of all cancers worldwide are caused by an unhealthy lifestyle. Evidence-based recommendations for the general population to decrease their risk of cancer have been set. Guidelines for individuals who are diagnosed with cancer, however, are lacking, due to limited evidence on the role of lifestyle during and after cancer treatment. Research should now be directed towards the role of body fatness, physical activity, diet, and other lifestyle factors in cancer progression.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOxford Textbook of Oncology
EditorsDavid J. Kerr, Daniel G. Haller, C.J.H. van de Velde, M. Baumann
PublisherOxford University Press
Edition3
ISBN (Print)9780199656103
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

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van Duijnhoven, F. J. B., & Kampman, E. (2016). Aetiology and progression of cancer: Role of body fatness, physical activity, diet, and other lifestyle factors. In D. J. Kerr, D. G. Haller, C. J. H. van de Velde, & M. Baumann (Eds.), Oxford Textbook of Oncology (3 ed.). Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199656103.003.0018_update_001