Adventitious presence of transgenic events in the maize supply chain in Peru: A case study

M.C. Santa-Maria, G. Lajo-Morgan, L. Guardia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Cultivation and trade of transgenic or genetically modified organisms (GMO) and commodities has become widespread worldwide. In particular, production of transgenic crops has seen an accelerated growth along with a complex regulatory process. Current Peruvian legislation prohibits import of transgenic seeds and cultivation of transgenic crops in National territory but allows import of GMO-derived products and commodities. In addition, there is legislation that mandates the labeling of food products containing transgenic ingredients but the labeling threshold is still under discussion and the enforcement of this law is on hold. In this context, we evaluated adventitious presence of transgenic events in locally traded yellow maize using PCR- and immuno-based detection methods. Our results indicated that contamination during the distribution system of lots derived from non-transgenic maize was unavoidable and generally below 1.0% (w/w). Transgenic event MON810 was found in truck-loads of nationally grown maize. In general, frequencies of GMO-derived targets in whole-grain lots were 2.2% (GMO content >= 1%), 16.4% (GMO content 0.9%), 65.1% (GMO content
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-101
JournalFood Control
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • genetically-modified organisms
  • reference molecules
  • quantification
  • quantitation
  • crops

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