This review deals with conventional and modern bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV1) vaccines. Conventional vaccines are widely used to prevent clinical signs of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis. The use of conventional vaccines, however, does not appear to have resulted in reduction of the prevalence of infection. Novel BHV1 marker vaccines comprise either mutants with a deletion in one of the non-essential genes, or subunit vaccines that contain one or more glycoproteins. These marker vaccines can be used in conjunction with companion diagnostic tests to differentiate between infected and vaccinated cattle. Their efficacy has been evaluated in vaccination-challenge experiments, transmission experiments and in field trials. The results demonstrate that the marker vaccines can contribute to the eventual eradication of BHV1. However, there remains room for improvement of BHV1 marker vaccines.