Adsorption of rapeseed proteins at oil/water interfaces. Janus-like napins dominate the interface

Eleni Ntone, Tessa van Wesel, Leonard M.C. Sagis, Marcel Meinders, Johannes H. Bitter, Constantinos V. Nikiforidis*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Plants offer a vast variety of protein extracts, typically containing multiple species of proteins that can serve as building blocks of soft materials, like emulsions. However, the role of each protein species concerning the formation of emulsions and interfaces with diverse rheological properties is still unknown. Therefore, deciphering the role of the individual proteins in an extract is highly relevant, since it determines the optimal level of purification, and hence the sustainability aspects of the extract. Here, we will show that when oil/water emulsions were prepared with a rapeseed protein extract containing napins and cruciferins (in a mass ratio of 1:1), only napins adsorbed at the interface exhibiting a soft solid-like rheological behavior. The dominance of napins at the interface was ascribed to their small size (radius r = 1.7 nm) and its unique Janus-like structure, as 45% of the amino acids are hydrophobic and primarily located at one side of the protein. Cruciferins with a bigger size (r = 4.4 nm) and a more homogeneous distribution of the hydrophobic domains couldn't reach the interface, but they appear to just weakly interact with the adsorbed layer of napins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459-469
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume583
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Cruciferins
  • Emulsions
  • Interfacial rheology
  • Janus-particles
  • Napins
  • Oil bodies
  • Oleosomes
  • Plant proteins

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