Additive or interactive accumulation in the life course

A study of life course effects on well-being

J.J. Mandemakers

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference paperAcademic

Abstract

This paper focuses on the impact of three major life course transitions (partner separation, unemployment, disability) on well-being. A long tradition of research has documented negative effects of these transitions on well-being. We re-examine these effects using a large four- wave longitudinal dataset in the Netherlands (NKPS). In addition, we examine whether the simultaneous occurrence of two or more transitions has a stronger effect on well-being compared to the effects of the sum of each transition. In the former case, effects can be regarded as interactive, in the latter case, effects are cumulative. We present several theoretical arguments for these competing hypotheses and we test these hypotheses using interaction effects. In a second step, we examine variability in the effect of the three examined life course transitions on well-being (MHI-5) using interactions with sex, age, and educational level. We find that the three delineated life course effects all have an expected negative impact on well-being with divorce and disability onset having the strongest impact. These effects are not-cumulative as there is evidence for interactive effects. We further find no evidence for moderation.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventDag van de Sociologie - Dutch Sociology Day - Tilburg, Netherlands
Duration: 9 Jun 20169 Jun 2016

Conference

ConferenceDag van de Sociologie - Dutch Sociology Day
CountryNetherlands
CityTilburg
Period9/06/169/06/16

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well-being
disability
interaction
divorce
evidence
unemployment
Netherlands

Cite this

Mandemakers, J. J. (2016). Additive or interactive accumulation in the life course: A study of life course effects on well-being. Paper presented at Dag van de Sociologie - Dutch Sociology Day, Tilburg, Netherlands.
Mandemakers, J.J. / Additive or interactive accumulation in the life course : A study of life course effects on well-being. Paper presented at Dag van de Sociologie - Dutch Sociology Day, Tilburg, Netherlands.
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author = "J.J. Mandemakers",
note = "Paper presented at the Dutch Sociology Day, Tilburg, the Netherlands, June 2016; Dag van de Sociologie - Dutch Sociology Day ; Conference date: 09-06-2016 Through 09-06-2016",
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Mandemakers, JJ 2016, 'Additive or interactive accumulation in the life course: A study of life course effects on well-being' Paper presented at Dag van de Sociologie - Dutch Sociology Day, Tilburg, Netherlands, 9/06/16 - 9/06/16, .

Additive or interactive accumulation in the life course : A study of life course effects on well-being. / Mandemakers, J.J.

2016. Paper presented at Dag van de Sociologie - Dutch Sociology Day, Tilburg, Netherlands.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference paperAcademic

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T1 - Additive or interactive accumulation in the life course

T2 - A study of life course effects on well-being

AU - Mandemakers, J.J.

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N2 - This paper focuses on the impact of three major life course transitions (partner separation, unemployment, disability) on well-being. A long tradition of research has documented negative effects of these transitions on well-being. We re-examine these effects using a large four- wave longitudinal dataset in the Netherlands (NKPS). In addition, we examine whether the simultaneous occurrence of two or more transitions has a stronger effect on well-being compared to the effects of the sum of each transition. In the former case, effects can be regarded as interactive, in the latter case, effects are cumulative. We present several theoretical arguments for these competing hypotheses and we test these hypotheses using interaction effects. In a second step, we examine variability in the effect of the three examined life course transitions on well-being (MHI-5) using interactions with sex, age, and educational level. We find that the three delineated life course effects all have an expected negative impact on well-being with divorce and disability onset having the strongest impact. These effects are not-cumulative as there is evidence for interactive effects. We further find no evidence for moderation.

AB - This paper focuses on the impact of three major life course transitions (partner separation, unemployment, disability) on well-being. A long tradition of research has documented negative effects of these transitions on well-being. We re-examine these effects using a large four- wave longitudinal dataset in the Netherlands (NKPS). In addition, we examine whether the simultaneous occurrence of two or more transitions has a stronger effect on well-being compared to the effects of the sum of each transition. In the former case, effects can be regarded as interactive, in the latter case, effects are cumulative. We present several theoretical arguments for these competing hypotheses and we test these hypotheses using interaction effects. In a second step, we examine variability in the effect of the three examined life course transitions on well-being (MHI-5) using interactions with sex, age, and educational level. We find that the three delineated life course effects all have an expected negative impact on well-being with divorce and disability onset having the strongest impact. These effects are not-cumulative as there is evidence for interactive effects. We further find no evidence for moderation.

M3 - Conference paper

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Mandemakers JJ. Additive or interactive accumulation in the life course: A study of life course effects on well-being. 2016. Paper presented at Dag van de Sociologie - Dutch Sociology Day, Tilburg, Netherlands.